As the foundation of the founding of the country and the rejuvenation of the country, manufacturing plays a dominant role in the real economy. Among the key tasks of this year deployed by the Central Economic Work Conference, “promoting high-quality manufacturing development” ranked first.
In 2019, how can China's manufacturing industry achieve high quality development? What should I do?The CCTV Financial Channel "Economic Information Network" launched a series of "Ministerial Opening Years" series of reports. The Minister of Industry and Information Technology, Miao Wei, accepted an exclusive interview with CCTV and conducted an exclusive interpretation.
Miao Wei talks about innovation: to solve the "two skins" problem of economy and technology
In the past 2018, China's industrial operation has remained within a reasonable range, and it is expected to be above the national scale for the whole year.Industrial added valueGrowing by about 6.3%.
Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, saidIn the new year, we must balance the development speed, quality and efficiency through the establishment of corresponding policy systems and assessment systems.Simultaneously,To solve the long-standing "two skins" problem of economy and technology, we must further enhance the core role of innovation in the development of manufacturing.
Minister of Industry and Information Technology Miao Wei:Make a good connection between the upstream and downstream of the innovation chain, especially to solve the commonality between the products from the laboratory products to the factory, the shortcomings and weaknesses of key technologies, and prevent many R&D achievements from falling into the “death valley”, so that more The scientific research results can be industrialized.
Proposed for the Central Economic Work Conference“Consolidate, enhance, enhance and smooth”Eight-character policy, Miao Wei said that by the end of 2018,The upper limit target of the steel production capacity of 150 million tons in the “13th Five-Year Plan” has been exceeded in advance.In the future, we must consolidate this achievement, adhere to the supply-side structural reforms, and support the provinces that have not achieved their targets through marketization and legalization to continue to reduce production capacity.
Minister of Industry and Information Technology Miao Wei:In addition to the steel industry, it is necessary to prevent electrolytic aluminum, cement, and flat glass from adding new production capacity. It is necessary to strictly control, and at the same time prevent the resurgence of the strip steel that we have hardly destroyed. At the same time, we must do a good job of "addition", guide manufacturing enterprises in accordance with the established goals, and follow the direction of digitalization, networking, and intelligence, and gradually change to the direction of intelligent manufacturing.
In addition, the nursery said,China's manufacturing industry will further expand its opening to the outside world and fully implement the management system of pre-entry national treatment plus negative list.
Minister of Industry and Information Technology Miao Wei:The negative list will be less and less in the future. As of last year, our general manufacturing industry has been fully open to foreign investment. We have set a timetable and will also promote the implementation of some areas that have been opened up last year, the process of opening up to foreign capital, such as the construction of new energy vehicles, special vehicles, aircraft, and the construction of ships.
When talking about the development of SMEs, Miao Wei said thatMore support policies will be introduced in the future.Encourage the cultivation of a number of “little giant” companies and “single champions” that focus on key areas.
Minister of Industry and Information Technology Miao Wei:On January 9, the State Council discussed and adopted measures to reduce taxes on small and micro enterprises. I expect that there will be more tax cuts for manufacturing in the future. We must encourage and support small and medium-sized enterprises to focus on their main business and take the development path of “specialization and specialization”. Do not do what they want to do. Don’t think twice, and don’t see where to make money quickly, adjust your strategic direction at will. .
Miao Wei: 5G temporary license will be issued in several cities this year
In addition to promoting high quality development in manufacturing. In an interview on January 10, Minister of Industry and Information Technology, Miao Wei also believed thatThere is huge room for growth in information consumption this year, and consumer hotspots such as 5G and new energy vehicles will also usher in opportunities for rapid development.
According to the data of 2018, China's information consumption is growing rapidly, accounting for more than 10% of total social consumption. In the nursery view, there will be more and more application scenarios for information consumption this year.4K ultra-high definition, unmanned driving and other fields may become new hot spots.
Minister of Industry and Information Technology Miao Wei:From the current shared bicycle, mobile payment, online point-to-sale and other fields, more to expand into the intelligent field. In addition to the expansion of the city, the largest space in the future is still in the vast rural areas. With the implementation of the "village to village" project, this condition is also met.
And 5G commercialization will further drive information consumption.Nursery said,5G temporary license will be issued in several cities this yearIn the hotspots, the first to achieve large-scale networking; at the same time accelerate the pace of network construction such as base stations,Gradually covering the whole country. To accelerate the maturity of the terminal industry,Promote 5G applications in more areas such as the Internet of Vehicles.
Minister of Industry and Information Technology Miao Wei:It is expected that by the second half of this year, products that can be commercially used will be put on the market, such as 5G mobile phones and 5G Pads. In the future, about 20% of 5G facilities are used for communication problems between people, and 80% are used for things and things, things and people, that is, Internet of Things, especially mobile IoT communication problems. In the future, the traffic lights will not only emit the three color signals of red, green and yellow, but also send a wireless signal using 5G technology to build a whole large network system for cars, roads and people connected to each other.
In the past year, domestic traditional automobile production and sales have experienced negative growth, but new energy vehicles have sprung up, and production and sales have exceeded 1 million. In this regard, Miao Wei said,Have confidence in the goal of completing 2 million new energy vehicles in 2020.The Tesla Shanghai plant, which was started construction recently, has become the first wholly foreign-owned project in China's new energy vehicle sector after the release of foreign shares. Miao Wei said that this specific case of opening up will also promote the development of new energy vehicles.
Minister of Industry and Information Technology Miao Wei:This year, the policy is basically stable, focusing more on the concerns of users in terms of quality and safety. In terms of increasing the driving range, we do not encourage more battery to be realized, or encourage everyone to reduce the vehicle's own weight, reduce the power consumption of the vehicle, and achieve mileage increase through technological advancement.
Series interview >>
(Article source: CCTV Finance)