Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, April 14th
CPC Central Committee
Guiding Opinions on Supporting Hainan's Comprehensive Deepening of Reform and Opening up
(April 11, 2018)
The establishment of the province and the establishment of special economic zones in Hainan is a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee with a view to the overall situation of China's reform, opening up, and socialist modernization. 2018 is the first year of the implementation of the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. It is the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up and the 30th anniversary of the establishment of the province and the establishment of a special economic zone in Hainan. Under the new historical conditions, in order to fully implement the spirit of the 19th Party Congress and the important instructions of General Secretary Xi Jinping, it further highlights the significance of China’s 40 years of reform and opening up, and further highlights the leadership of General Secretary Xi Jinping since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. The people of all ethnic groups have comprehensively deepened the significance of reform and opening up, and promoted Hainan to become a new benchmark for comprehensively deepening reform and opening up in the new era, forming a new level of reform and opening up, and exploring higher quality, more efficient, fairer and more sustainable. Development, the following comments are now made.
First, significant significance
Hainan Province was born as a result of reform and opening up, and it was also revitalized by reform and opening up. In 1988, the Party Central Committee approved Hainan to set up a provincial special economic zone. Over the past 30 years, Hainan Province has earnestly fulfilled the historical mission entrusted by the Party Central Committee and the State Council, boldly innovated, worked hard, and made great achievements in economic and social development. It has turned a Bianlang Island into an important window for China's reform and opening up, and has achieved earth-shaking changes. The country has provided valuable experience. Practice has proved that the decision of the Party Central Committee on Hainan's establishment of the province and the establishment of a special economic zone is completely correct.
Under the background of the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, giving Hainan Special Economic Zone a new mission of reform and opening up is a major national strategy that General Secretary Xi Jinping personally planned, personally deployed and personally promoted, and will definitely create a new pattern of reform and opening up in China. Significant and far-reaching impact. Supporting Hainan's comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up is conducive to exploring experiences that can be replicated and promoted, overcoming the breadth and depth of reforms, and improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics; it is conducive to China's active participation in and promotion of economic globalization and the development of higher levels. The open economy will accelerate the formation of a new pattern of comprehensive opening up; it will help promote Hainan's speeding up of socialist modernization, create a new bright spot of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, highlight the superiority of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and enhance the cohesiveness and centripetal force of the Chinese nation.
Second, the overall requirements
(1) Guiding ideology. Fully implement the spirit of the Second and Third Plenary Sessions of the 19th and 19th Central Committee of the Party, take Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics as the guide, adhere to the party's overall leadership, adhere to the general tone of the work of striving for stability, and adhere to the new development concept. Coordinate the promotion of the overall layout of the "five in one" and coordinate the promotion of the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, with the supply-side structural reform as the main line, giving Hainan Special Economic Zone a new mission of reform and opening up, and building a free trade pilot zone and a free trade port with Chinese characteristics. Emancipate the mind, boldly innovate, and focus on building a modern economic system, achieving a high level of opening up to the outside world, improving the level of tourism consumption, serving the country's major strategies, strengthening social governance, building a first-class ecological environment, and improving the talent development system. The party’s 19th National Congress made major decisions to deploy in the forefront, to create a vivid example of practicing socialism with Chinese characteristics, to open up a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and to make China a powerful socialist modernization power with strong, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful Greater contribution.
(II) Strategic positioning
-- Comprehensively deepen the pilot zone for reform and opening up. Vigorously carry forward the spirit of the SAR, which dares to dare to try, dare to be a leader, and work hard, and try first in economic system reform and social governance innovation. Adapt to the new situation of economic globalization, implement a more proactive open strategy, explore the establishment of a new open economic system, and build Hainan into an important opening-up gateway for the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean.
- National Ecological Civilization Experimental Zone. Firmly establishing and practicing green water and green hills is the concept of Jinshan Yinshan. It firmly adheres to the path of civilization development with production development, rich life and good ecology, and promotes a new pattern of modernization that forms a harmonious development between man and nature, and promotes the national ecological civilization. Building new experiences.
- International Tourism Consumption Center. Vigorously promote the opening up of the tourism consumption sector, actively cultivate new hotspots of tourism consumption, and strive to improve service quality and internationalization level, and create an international tourism consumption resort with rich formats, brand concentration, comfortable environment and distinctive features.
- National Major Strategic Service Support Area. Deeply integrate into the major powers of the maritime powers, the construction of the “Belt and Road”, and the integration of military and civilian development, comprehensively strengthen the support for the construction of support capabilities, earnestly fulfill the important missions endowed by the Party Central Committee, and enhance Hainan's position and role in the national strategic structure.
(3) Basic principles
-- Adhere to and strengthen the party's leadership over reform and opening up. Carrying out the party's leadership throughout Hainan's comprehensive deepening of the whole process of reform and opening up, strengthening the "four consciousnesses", strengthening "four self-confidences", consciously safeguarding the authority of the party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, and concentrating and leading the society, cultivating and practicing socialism Core values ensure the socialist direction of reform and opening up.
-- Adhere to the overall promotion and steady implementation. Strengthen the top-level design, enhance the systemic and coordinated reform, and make the various reform measures work together and complement each other to improve the overall efficiency of the reform. Scientifically grasp the implementation steps of reform measures, strengthen risk assessment and follow-up warnings, pay attention to corrective adjustments, and actively prevent potential risks.
-- Adhere to the coordinated development of land and sea protection. Strengthen the construction of marine ecological civilization, increase marine protection, strengthen the maintenance of maritime rights and interests, scientifically and orderly develop and utilize marine resources, cultivate and expand the characteristic marine economy, and form a new pattern of coordinated development of land, sea, resources, industry and space.
——Insist on the key role of talents. Adhere to talents as the first resource, boldly innovate in talent cultivation, introduction and use, gather talents in the world, and strive to make all kinds of talents attract, retain and use well, making Hainan an island of talents and technology. The island of innovation.
(4) Development goals
By 2020, we will achieve the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way with the whole country, ensuring that the rural poor will be lifted out of poverty under the current standards, and all the poverty-stricken counties will be removed. The construction of the free trade pilot zone has made important progress, the international openness has improved remarkably, and the public service system has become more sound. The people's sense of gains has been significantly enhanced; the ecological civilization system has been basically established, and the quality of the ecological environment has continued to maintain the national first-class level.
By 2025, the quality and efficiency of economic growth will be significantly improved; the free trade port system will be initially established, the business environment will reach the domestic first-class level; the democratic legal system will be more perfect, the modernization level of governance system and governance capacity will be significantly improved; and the level and quality of public services will reach domestic level. Level, basic public service equalization is basically realized; ecological environment quality continues to maintain the national leading level.
By 2035, it will be at the forefront of the country in the socialist modernization drive; the institutional system and operation mode of the free trade port are more mature, and the business environment is among the highest in the world; the people's lives are more affluent, and the people's common prosperity is taking a solid step. The public service and innovation and entrepreneurial environment have reached the international advanced level; the ecological environment quality and resource utilization efficiency are at the world's leading level; the modern social governance pattern is basically formed, and the society is full of vitality and harmony.
By the middle of this century, we will take the lead in realizing socialist modernization and form an institutional system with high marketization, internationalization, rule of law, and modernization. We will become a region with comprehensive competitiveness and cultural influence. The common prosperity of all people will be basically realized, and economic prosperity will be built. A beautiful new Hainan with social civilization, ecological livability and people's happiness.
Third, the construction of a modern economic system
Adhere to quality first, benefit priority, supply-side structural reform as the main line, promote economic development quality change, efficiency change, power change, improve total factor productivity, accelerate the establishment of an open-type eco-service industry system, and further improve the socialist market The economic system continues to enhance Hainan's economic innovation and competitiveness.
(5) Deepening the structural reform of the supply side. Adhere to the real economy as the focus of economic development, focus on improving the quality of the supply system, support the optimization and upgrading of traditional industries in Hainan, accelerate the development of modern service industries, and foster new kinetic energy. Promote the transformation and upgrading of tourism, accelerate the construction of a tourism industry system featuring tourism and tourism, focusing on leisure and holiday, cultural and sports tourism and health tourism, and promote the development of tourism throughout the region. Aiming at the international advanced level, vigorously develop modern service industry and accelerate the innovation and development of service trade. Coordinate the implementation of the network power strategy, big data strategy, "Internet +" action, vigorously promote the development of the next generation information technology industry, and promote the deep integration of the Internet, Internet of Things, big data, satellite navigation, artificial intelligence and the real economy. Encourage the development of virtual reality technology and vigorously develop the digital creative industry. Develop a marine economy at a high starting point, actively promote the commercial exploitation of natural gas hydrates and seabed minerals in the South China Sea, encourage private enterprises to participate in the development of resources in the South China Sea, accelerate the cultivation of marine life, desalination and comprehensive utilization of seawater, marine renewable energy, research and development and application of offshore engineering equipment, etc. Emerging industries support the construction of modern marine pastures. We will implement a rural revitalization strategy, strengthen and make efficient tropical agriculture, build a national tropical modern agricultural base, support the creation of Hainan's characteristic agricultural product futures, and accelerate the modernization of agriculture and rural areas.
(6) Implementing an innovation-driven development strategy. Facing deep-sea exploration, marine resources development and utilization, aerospace applications and other strategic areas, support Hainan to build a number of major scientific research infrastructure and conditional platforms, build a major scientific and technological innovation base in the aerospace field and the South Center of the National Deep Sea Base, and create a space science and technology innovation strategic highland. . Strengthen the construction of the National Southern Traditional Research and Breeding Base (Hainan), build the National Tropical Agricultural Science Center, and support Hainan to build a global transit base for animal and plant germplasm resources. Establish Hainan International Offshore Innovation and Entrepreneurship Demonstration Zone. Establish a scientific and technological innovation management system and an international scientific and technological cooperation mechanism in line with scientific research rules. Encourage the exploration of intellectual property securitization and improve the credit guarantee mechanism for intellectual property rights.
(7) Deepen the reform of the economic system. Deepen the reform of state-owned enterprises, promote the reform of mixed ownership system at the group level, improve the corporate governance structure of the company, and improve the modern enterprise system. We will improve various state-owned asset management systems, explore the government's direct authorization of state-owned capital investment, operate companies, accelerate the horizontal integration, vertical integration and professional restructuring of state-owned enterprises, and promote state-owned capital to become stronger and better. Improve the system of property rights protection, strengthen the integrity of government affairs and the construction of business environment, clean up and abolish the rules and practices that hinder the unified market and fair competition, severely crack down on unfair competition, stimulate and protect entrepreneurship, support the development of private enterprises, and encourage more markets. The main body and the social subject are engaged in innovation and entrepreneurship. We will deepen the reform of rural land reclamation, promote the reform of the regionalization of farms and farm enterprises, and promote land assetization and capitalization in an orderly manner, and encourage social capital to participate in agricultural projects and state-owned farm reforms through the establishment of agricultural industrial investment funds and agricultural investment industry development equity investment funds. . Solidly promote the integration of the rural collective construction land and the right to use the right to use the house to verify the rights, and promote the pilot project of rural land acquisition and collective operation construction in the province of Hainan, and establish different ownership and different Use reasonable price adjustment mechanism and value-added income distribution mechanism for construction land, and coordinate the income of farmers with different types of land in different areas. Support legal compliance in Hainan to set up international energy, shipping, bulk commodities, property rights, equity, carbon emission rights and other trading venues. Innovate investment and financing methods, standardize the use of government and social capital cooperation (PPP) model, and guide social capital to participate in infrastructure and people's livelihood. Support Hainan to focus on the reform of the power and natural gas system and carry out comprehensive energy reform. Rationalize the management system of civil airports, and first try the reform of general aviation classification management.
(8) Improve the level of intelligentization of infrastructure network. In accordance with the principle of moderate advancement, interconnection, safety and efficiency, and smart green, we will vigorously implement a number of major infrastructure projects and accelerate the construction of a modern infrastructure system. The construction of “Digital Hainan” will promote the full coverage of urban and rural optical fiber networks and high-speed mobile communication networks, accelerate the implementation of information into the village and the households, and strive to improve the communication support capacity of the South China Sea. Implement the national network security level protection system and improve the level of network security. Advance the reconstruction and expansion project of Haikou Airport, carry out the preliminary work of Sanya New Airport, Zhangzhou Airport and Dongfang/Wuzhishan Airport, and encrypt Hainan's direct international routes to major customers. Optimize the integration of port resources, and focus on supporting Haikou and Yangpu Port to become better and stronger. Promote the construction of the main grid structure of the power grid and the intelligent upgrade of urban and rural power grids, and carry out demonstration projects such as smart grid and micro grid. Construct a gas supply network covering urban and rural areas. Strengthen the use of urban underground space and the construction of integrated pipe corridors. Improve the network of island-type water conservancy facilities.
Fourth, promote the formation of a new pattern of comprehensive openness
Adhere to the all-round opening up, follow the principle of first-in-first-trial, risk-controllable, step-by-step advancement, and outstanding features. The first step is to build a free trade pilot zone throughout Hainan and give it a pilot policy for the current free trade pilot zone; Steps to explore the implementation of a free trade port policy that is consistent with Hainan's development orientation.
(9) High-standard construction of free trade pilot zones with high standards. Taking the pilot content of the existing free trade pilot zone as the main body, combined with the characteristics of Hainan, the China (Hainan) Free Trade Experimental Zone will be constructed, and the implementation scope will be the entire island of Hainan Island. With institutional innovation as the core, it will give greater reform autonomy, support Hainan's bold test, boldness, and independent reform, and accelerate the formation of a rule of law, internationalization, and facilitation of the business environment and a fair and unified market environment. We will make greater efforts to transform government functions, deepen decentralization, integrate management, optimize service reform, and comprehensively improve government governance capabilities. Implement a high-level trade and investment liberalization and facilitation policy, and fully implement pre-entry national treatment plus negative inventory management system for foreign investment, focusing on seed industry, medical care, education, sports, telecommunications, internet, culture, maintenance, finance, shipping, etc. Focus areas, deepen the opening up of modern agriculture, high-tech industries, and modern service industries, promote the accelerated development of service trade, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of foreign investment. Promote the gradual opening of shipping. We will give full play to the overall advantages of the pilot project on the island of Hainan Island, strengthen the integration of reform systems, strive to achieve more institutional innovations, and demonstrate the role of comprehensively deepening reforms and expanding the open experimental field.
(10) Exploring the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics. According to the needs of national development, we will gradually explore and steadily promote the construction of Hainan Free Trade Port, and establish a free trade port policy system in steps and phases. The construction of Hainan Free Trade Port should reflect Chinese characteristics, conform to Hainan's development orientation, learn from the experience of international free trade port construction, focus on entrepot trade and processing and manufacturing, and take tourism, modern service industry and high-tech industry as the leading factor. More emphasis is placed on the comprehensive development of people, fully stimulating development vitality and creativity, and creating a higher-level, higher-level open economy. We will promptly summarize the implementation effect of the visa-free policy for foreigners entering the country in 59 countries, increase the construction of exit and entry safety measures, and create conditions for further expansion of visa exemption. Improve the information platform of international trade "single window". Actively attract foreign investment, advanced technology and management experience, and support foreign investors to fully participate in the construction of free trade ports. Explore more flexible policy systems, regulatory models and management systems in domestic and foreign trade, investment and financing, fiscal and taxation, financial innovation, entry and exit, etc., and create an open new highland with higher openness, better business environment and stronger radiation. .
(11) Strengthen the construction of risk prevention and control system. The introduction of relevant policies should be thoroughly demonstrated, strictly controlled, and matured. We will lay a good job in preventing and resolving major risks, effectively fulfilling the responsibility of local financial supervision, building a financial macro-prudential management system, establishing a financial regulatory coordination mechanism, strengthening the identification of major risks and the prevention of systemic financial risks, and cracking down on money laundering, terrorist financing and tax evasion. Such as financial criminal activities, effective prevention and control of financial risks. Optimize customs supervision methods, strengthen the management of entry and exit security access, improve the supervision of the state's prohibition and restriction of inbound goods and articles, and effectively and accurately combat smuggling activities. Establish a comprehensive assessment mechanism for the classification and supervision of inspection and quarantine risks. Strengthen post-event supervision of corporate investment and management, and implement full coverage of “double random and open” supervision.
V. Institutional mechanisms for innovation to promote the construction of international tourism consumption centers
Deepen the construction of international tourism islands, continuously optimize the development environment, further open up the tourism consumption field, actively cultivate new forms of tourism consumption, new hotspots, enhance the level of high-end tourism consumption, promote the upgrading of tourism consumption, further release the potential of tourism consumption, and actively explore consumption. A new path for economic development.
(12) Expanding the space for tourism consumption development. Implement a more open and convenient island-free duty-free shopping policy to achieve full coverage of outlying island passengers and increase tax-free shopping quotas. Support Hainan to open a transnational cruise travel route, support the cruise port of Sanya and other cruise ports to carry out pilot flights on the sea route, and accelerate the development of Sanya to the cruise port. Relax yacht control. Promote the development of tourism resources in Xisha in an orderly manner and steadily open the island tour. We will comprehensively implement and improve the policy of Boao Lecheng International Medical Tourism Pioneer Zone, encourage the development and application of new medical technology, new equipment and new medicines, and formulate a facilitation policy to support overseas patients to the first-row district. Promote the integration of culture and tourism, and vigorously develop new cultural consumption such as animation games, online culture and digital content, and promote the upgrading of traditional cultural consumption. Foreign capital is allowed to set up a performance agency in the province in Hainan, allowing foreign capital to set up performance venues in the approved cultural tourism industry cluster in Hainan Province. The performances must comply with national laws and policies. The hotel is allowed to receive overseas TV channels approved by the state for permission. Support the construction of the National Sports Training South Base and the Provincial Sports Center in Hainan, encourage the development of beach sports, water sports, horse racing and other projects, and support the creation of a national sports tourism demonstration zone. Explore the development of quiz-type sports lottery and large international tournaments that open lottery tickets. Explore the construction of tourism projects from the aspects of spatial planning, land supply, and resource utilization.
(13) Improve the quality of tourism consumer services. Encourage Hainan tourism enterprises to optimize and restructure, support qualified enterprises to go public, promote the scale, brand and network operation of the tourism industry, and form a group of internationally competitive tourism groups. Promote the chain operation of economic hotels, encourage the development of various ecological and cultural themed hotels and specialized, small and medium-sized family hotels, and actively introduce high-end hotel groups and famous hotel management brands at home and abroad. High-standard layout to build a large-scale consumer business circle with international influence, improve the "Internet +" consumer ecosystem, encourage the construction of "smart stores" and "smart business circles", and support the improvement of cross-border consumer service functions. Strengthen the overall planning and construction of tourism public service facilities. Improve the standard system, supervision system, credit system and complaint system of tourism services, and establish a corporate reputation rating evaluation, major information announcement, consumer complaint information and violation record publicity system. Severely crack down on illegal and illegal behaviors that disrupt the order of the tourism market, improve the mediation mechanism for tourism disputes, and earnestly safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of tourists. Support Hainan's integrated tourism marketing resources, strengthen overall publicity and marketing, and promote the promotion of Hainan's tourism image.
(14) Vigorously promote the internationalization of tourism consumption. Support Hainan to actively introduce international high-quality capital and intellectual resources, and adopt international advanced concepts to protect and develop tourism resources. Eligible Sino-foreign joint venture travel agencies registered in Hainan are allowed to engage in outbound travel services other than Taiwan. Support Hainan to actively participate in international tourism cooperation and division of labor, and carry out pragmatic cooperation with international organizations and enterprises in attracting investment, market development, education and training, and sports events. Accelerate the establishment of a tourism management system that is linked to internationally accepted rules, promote more enterprises to carry out international standardization organization (ISO) quality and environmental management system certification, and improve corporate management. The system enhances the internationalization, standardization and informatization level of tourism facilities and tourism elements. Guide Hainan to further organize international sports events and support the introduction of a number of international first-class events. Support Hainan to hold international commodity fairs and international film festivals.
6. Service and integration into major national strategies
Support Hainan to fulfill the important mission endowed by the Party Central Committee, continue to strengthen support for the construction of support capabilities, better serve the maritime powers, the construction of the “Belt and Road”, and the integration of military and civilian development.
(15) Strengthening the capacity building of the South China Sea rights protection and development services. Accelerate the improvement of Hainan's key infrastructures such as rights protection, shipping, and fisheries, and significantly enhance China's comprehensive control and development capabilities for jurisdictional waters. Implement the South China Sea Security Project and establish a sound rescue support system. Guarantee the court to exercise jurisdiction over the waters under our jurisdiction. Support the construction of oil and gas exploration and production service bases such as Sanya Maritime Tourism Cooperation and Development Base and Chengmai. Strengthen the construction of key fishing ports and safe harbors.
(16) Deepening foreign exchanges and cooperation. Make full use of the international exchange platform such as the Boao Forum for Asia to promote more pragmatic and efficient cooperation between Hainan and the countries and regions along the “Belt and Road” and build an important strategic fulcrum for the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. Encourage foreign institutions to settle in Hainan. Support Hainan to promote the construction of the headquarters base, and encourage multinational enterprises and large domestic enterprise groups to set up international headquarters and regional headquarters in Hainan. Support the establishment of a 21st century Maritime Silk Road culture, education, agriculture, tourism exchange platform in Hainan, and promote the construction of Qionghai Agricultural Open and Cooperation Experimental Zone. Strengthen communication and communication between Hainan and Southeast Asian countries, focusing on cooperation in the fields of tourism, environmental protection, marine fisheries, humanities exchange, innovation and entrepreneurship, and disaster prevention and mitigation.
(17) Promote the in-depth development of military and civilian integration. Implement relevant arrangements for the implementation of national defense requirements in economic construction projects, strengthen the coordinated development of military fields in the fields of infrastructure, science and technology, education and medical services, and establish institutional mechanisms for military and military cooperation, scientific and technological cooperation, facilities construction, and logistics support. Hainan will be built into a demonstration base for the integration of military and civilian development. Relying on the Hainan Wenchang Space Launch Site, promote the construction of Hainan Wenchang International Space City. We will improve the civil service facilities and functions of the South Island Reef, build an ecological island reef, and build a high-quality project for the integration of the South Navy. Deepen the reform of airspace refined management and improve the efficiency of military and civilian aviation use. We will improve the land replacement policy for military land, ensure the demand for military land, and promote the revitalization of stocks. Construction of a national strategic energy reserve base.
(18) Strengthen regional cooperation, exchanges and interactions. Relying on the Pan-Pearl River Delta regional cooperation mechanism, Hainan and relevant provinces and autonomous regions are encouraged to participate in the protection and development of the South China Sea, and jointly build a marine economic demonstration zone and a marine science and technology cooperation zone. Close cooperation with Hong Kong and Macao in the fields of maritime affairs, marine police, fishery, maritime search and rescue, etc., and actively cooperate with Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau. Strengthen cooperation with Taiwan in the fields of education, medical care, modern agriculture, and protection and development of marine resources. Deepen cooperation in the Qiongzhou Strait and promote the coordinated development of port and tourism.
7. Strengthen and innovate social governance
Always adhere to the people-centered development thinking, improve the public service system, strengthen the construction of social governance systems, continuously meet the people's growing needs for a better life, form effective social governance, a good social order, and enable the people to feel and feel happy. The sense of security is more substantial, more secure and more sustainable.
(19) Improve the mechanism for improving the growth of the people. We will resolutely win the battle against precision poverty, establish a long-term mechanism for stable poverty alleviation, and promote poverty alleviation and efficiency. We will deepen the reform of the household registration system, promote the urbanization of agricultural transfer population in an orderly manner, and promote basic public services to cover all permanent residents. Vigorously implement basic education upgrading projects to comprehensively improve the quality of preschool education and primary and secondary education. Improve the labor employment system, and improve the long-term mechanism for the adjustment of minimum wage standards and wage payment guarantee. We will carry out pilot reforms to stimulate the vitality of key groups to increase income, promote the reform of public institutions and the reform of the talent evaluation mechanism, and accelerate the improvement of the institutional undertakings that are compatible with the construction of free trade pilot zones and free trade ports, and reflect work performance and hierarchical management within the framework of national policies. Unit salary allocation policy. Innovate the social assistance model, improve the special assistance system, and extend special assistance to low-income families on the basis of focusing on ensuring urban and rural low-income objects and extremely poor people. Full implementation of the national insurance plan. Establish and improve a long-term mechanism for real estate to prevent housing prices from rising and falling. Continue to deepen the reform of the medical and health system.
(20) To create a social governance pattern of building, co-governing and sharing. Strengthen the prevention and mitigation of social contradictory mechanisms and correctly handle contradictions among the people. Strengthen population dynamic data collection and analysis, and establish a population monitoring and early warning reporting system. Promote the establishment of a "one card" service management model with social security cards as the carrier. Exploring the industry associations, science and technology, public welfare charity, urban and rural community service social organizations, direct registration system, support social organizations to play a greater role in regulating market order, conducting industry supervision, strengthening industry self-discipline, mediating trade disputes, etc. Promote the decoupling reform of the Chamber of Commerce of Industry Associations. We will comprehensively strengthen grassroots governance, comprehensively promote grassroots political power construction and grassroots mass autonomy, promote the effective connection between township (street) governance and urban and rural community governance, and build a simple and efficient grassroots management system. We will comprehensively promote the construction of a social credit system and accelerate the establishment of a mechanism for trustworthiness and disciplinary action. Focusing on the hot and difficult issues of social management such as administrative management, judicial management, urban management, and environmental protection, we will promote the application of artificial intelligence technology and improve the level of social governance intelligence.
(21) Deepen the reform of the administrative system. Fully implement the spirit of the Third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, conscientiously implement the "Decision of the CPC Central Committee on Deepening the Reform of the Party and State Institutions", "Deepening the Party and State Institutional Reform Plan", resolutely safeguard the party's central authority and centralize unified leadership, and take the lead in completing Local party and government institutions reform. We will deepen the reform of the “distribution service” and take the lead in the country in terms of further decentralization, decentralization, and optimization of services, and promote the construction of free trade pilot zones and free trade ports. In accordance with the principle of putting it in the right place and not releasing it, it will give the Hainan provincial government more autonomy and transfer the management services close to the grassroots and the masses to the lower level government. Promote the reform and innovation of Hainan's administrative divisions, and optimize the administrative divisions and administrative divisions. Support Hainan to coordinate the use of various types of resources according to actual needs. Deepen the "multi-regulation" reform and promote the formation of a unified spatial planning system throughout the province. Actively explore the reform of the judicial system that is compatible with the reform of the administrative system.
8. Accelerate the reform of the ecological civilization system
Firmly establish a socialist ecological civilization concept, treat the ecological environment like life, implement the most stringent ecological environmental protection system, and naturally provide more high-quality ecological products to meet the people's growing and beautiful ecological environment with tranquility, harmony and beauty. , write a beautiful Chinese Hainan chapter.
(22) Improve the system of ecological civilization. Accelerate the establishment and improvement of a long-term mechanism for the construction of ecological civilization, and tighten the responsibility for environmental protection. It is the first to establish a modern regulatory system for ecological environment and resource protection, and establish a state-owned natural resource asset management and natural ecological regulatory agency. We will implement the "Party and government responsibilities, one post and two responsibilities" for environmental protection, build a green development-oriented evaluation system, and strictly implement the system of leaving the party and government leading cadres' natural resources assets to be audited and responsible for ecological environmental damage. We will prepare a natural resources balance sheet and implement a vertical management system for monitoring, monitoring and law enforcement of environmental protection agencies below the provincial level. Support Hainan to take the lead in exploring and establishing a system of property rights and property rights for natural resources and a system of paid use. Accelerate the improvement of the ecological protection compensation mechanism linked to the distribution of financial protection funds and the allocation of funds for fiscal transfer payments. Full implementation of the river long system, lake length system, bay long system, and forest long system. Explore the establishment of a water rights system. Encourage Hainan national and provincial nature reserves to follow the law and explore the first pilot of forest management. Strengthen judicial protection of the marine ecological environment. Conduct pilot projects on marine ecosystem carbon sinks. Study and build a green standard system, establish a green product government procurement system, and create a green development demonstration zone. Implement total carbon emissions and incremental energy consumption control. Establish a "blacklist" system for environmental pollution, and improve the system of environmental credit evaluation, mandatory disclosure of information, and severe punishment. Establish a system of mandatory environmental liability insurance for environmental pollution in high-risk areas.
(23) Build a national land space development and protection system. In-depth implementation of the main functional area strategy, the national land space use control system, improve the main functional area supporting policies, and develop and implement the Hainan Province marine main functional area planning. Complete the ecological protection red line, permanent basic farmland, urban development boundary and marine biological resources protection line, demarcation control line demarcation work, strict natural ecological space use control. Implement the most stringent land-saving system, implement the dual-control actions on the total amount and intensity of construction land, promote urban renewal and transformation, and carry out integrated and unified development of inefficient and scattered land to ensure that the total amount of construction land in Hainan does not increase on the existing basis. The per capita urban industrial and mining land and unit GDP construction land use area has steadily declined. Strengthen the supervision and management of nature reserves. Research and establishment of national parks such as tropical rain forests, and the construction of a natural reserve system with national parks as the main body, and implement overall protection, system restoration and comprehensive management in accordance with the integrity, systemicity and internal laws of natural ecosystems. Implement important ecosystem protection and restoration major projects, build ecological corridors and biodiversity conservation networks, and improve ecosystem quality and stability. Encourage the implementation of the commercial forest redemption system in key ecological locations, and explore the regulation of the transfer of collective land and economic forests through leasing, replacement, and easement contracts, and gradually restore and expand the natural ecological space such as tropical rain forests. Implement the National Forest Quality Accurate Improvement Project and build a timber reserve base for rare and rare trees. Relocate ecological migrants to residents in fragile and sensitive areas of the ecological environment. Strictly protect the marine ecological environment, pay more attention to sea-fixing, speed up the establishment of total pollutant control system for key sea areas, and formulate comprehensive plans for the protection and utilization of coastal zones.
(24) Promote the formation of a green production lifestyle. Adhere to the concept of “green, recycling, low carbon”, establish a negative list system for industrial access, comprehensively ban the development of high energy consumption, high pollution, high emission industries and low-end manufacturing, and promote the existing manufacturing industry to be intelligent, green and service Change the type and accelerate the construction of a green industrial system. Implement a dual control action on the total energy consumption and intensity. Support Hainan to build an ecological cycle agricultural demonstration province and accelerate the creation of a pioneering area for agricultural green development. Implement a producer responsibility extension system to promote production enterprises to effectively implement the responsibility for recycling waste products. Reduce fossil energy consumption such as coal and accelerate the construction of a safe, green, intensive and efficient clean energy supply system. Establish a mechanism for the utilization of idle houses and encourage the development of new leasing formats such as holiday homestays. Explore new modes of shared economic development and conduct pilot demonstrations in areas such as travel, education, and vocational training. Scientifically and reasonably control the number of motor vehicles, accelerate the promotion of new energy vehicles and energy-saving and environmentally-friendly vehicles, and gradually ban the sale of fuel vehicles in Hainan Island. It is completely forbidden to produce, sell and use disposable non-degradable plastic bags and plastic tableware in Hainan, and accelerate the application of green packaging in the express delivery industry.
Nine, improve the talent development system
We will implement the strategy of strengthening the country through talents, deepen the reform of the system of talent development, and implement a more active, more open, and more effective talent policy, and accelerate the formation of a desire for talent, everyone to work hard, everyone can be talented, and everyone can show their talents. Good environment.
(25) Innovative talent training support mechanism. Hainan is encouraged to make full use of quality education and training resources at home and abroad, strengthen education and training cooperation, and cultivate high-level international talents. Support Hainan University to create a world-class discipline and support key institutions for the cultivation and construction of relevant universities. Encourage well-known domestic universities and research institutions to set up branches in Hainan. We will improve the vocational education and training system, deepen the integration of production and education, and cooperate with schools and enterprises, and encourage social forces to hold vocational education through various forms such as sole proprietorship, joint venture, and cooperation. Encourage Hainan to introduce overseas high-quality educational resources, hold high-level Chinese-foreign cooperative education institutions and projects, and explore the establishment of a provincial joint approval mechanism for Chinese-foreign cooperative education projects at the undergraduate level. Support Hainan to set up a special fund for professional talent training through market-based methods. Improve the institutional mechanisms for promoting lifelong education and training.
(26) Build a more open introduction mechanism. Increase the support of the national talent plan for the construction of talent team in Hainan Province. Focusing on the goal of strengthening public welfare attributes, deepening the reform of public institutions, except for the institutions that provide support and guarantees only to the organs, in principle, the administrative level is abolished, and the reformed institutions are allowed to combine the actual conditions to improve the internal distribution of performance wages that are conducive to motivating talents. . Promote the rational flow of teachers, doctors, researchers and so on. Innovate the "migrant bird" talent introduction and use mechanism, set up a "migrant bird" talent workstation, and allow the professional and technical personnel of the state-owned enterprises and institutions in the Mainland to pay part-time and part-time wages in Hainan according to regulations. Support Hainan to carry out pilot reform of international talent management, and allow foreign and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan technical and technical personnel to be employed and permanently reside in Hainan according to regulations. Excellent foreign students who have obtained master's degree or above in Chinese universities are employed and started in Hainan, expanding the scale of international students in Hainan. Support Hainan to explore and establish a management system that attracts foreign high-tech talents.
(27) Building a team of highly qualified and professional cadres. Adhere to the principle of party management of cadres, adhere to the correct selection of people and personnel, highlight political standards, focus on cultivating professional competence and professionalism, and enhance the ability of cadres to promote Hainan's comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up. We will promote the civil service appointment system and classification management reform, broaden the channels for social outstanding talents to enter the party and government cadres, and allow high-end special positions to be set up in professional government agencies to implement term management and agreement wages. Strengthen the study and exchange of civil servants in Hainan and developed areas in China, carry out international exchanges and cooperation with civil servants, and conduct overseas training of public servants in a safe and orderly manner. We will strengthen the reserve of outstanding reserve cadres and improve the mechanism for encouraging cadres to go to the grassroots level and experience in difficult and difficult areas.
(28) Comprehensively improve the level of talent service. Increase the supply of quality public services to meet the demand for high-quality public services. Vigorously introduce high-quality medical resources, encourage social forces to develop high-level medical institutions, promote international and domestic medical resources cooperation, and actively introduce excellent health professional and technical personnel. Deeply promote the direct settlement of medical expenses for medical treatment in different places across the province, and encourage the development of commercial supplementary insurance. Promote the construction of social pension service facilities. Accelerate the construction of digital libraries, digital museums, online theaters, etc., and build a unified digital network service network with unified standards. A special policy was introduced to solve the problems of the introduction of talents, housing, medical treatment, social security, and children's education.
X. Safeguard measures
Unswervingly strengthen the party's leadership over reform and opening up, further strengthen policy support, establish and improve the working mechanism of "central planning, departmental support, and provincial implementation", and firmly and consciously put the decision-making arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council into practice.
(29) Strengthen the leadership of the party. Adhere to the party's leadership over all work and give full play to the party's role in overall planning and coordination of all parties. The Hainan Provincial Party Committee should put the party's political construction in the first place and arm Hainan party members and cadres with Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Focusing on perfecting the system of strengthening the party's overall leadership, optimizing the party's organizational structure, establishing and improving the leadership system and mechanism for the provincial party committee to comprehensively deepen reform and opening up, giving full play to the role of the party's functional departments, improving the party's direction, seeking the overall situation, and setting Policy, ability to promote reform and determination. We will strengthen the building of grassroots party organizations, focus on improving organizational power, enhance political functions, guide the majority of party members to play a vanguard and exemplary role, and build grassroots party organizations into a strong fighting bastion for promoting Hainan's comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up. We will improve the evaluation system for cadres that reflects the requirements of the new development concept and the correct outlook on political achievements, establish an incentive mechanism and a fault-tolerant and error-correcting mechanism, and clearly support the cadres who dare to take responsibility, work hard, and do not seek personal gain. Firmly grasp the leadership of ideological work, integrate socialist core values into all aspects of social development, and strengthen cultural self-confidence. Persevere in the wind and the discipline, strengthen the discipline inspection and supervision work, and create a good environment for the wind and clear air. Deepen political inspections. Full implementation of the supervision law.
(30) Strengthen policy protection. The various reform policies and measures proposed in this opinion, which involve the adjustment of existing laws or administrative regulations, shall be implemented after the unified authorization of the National People's Congress or the State Council. The relevant departments of the central government will decentralize relevant administrative authority to Hainan Province in accordance with the need to establish a free trade pilot zone in Hainan Province and explore the implementation of the free trade port policy in line with Hainan's development orientation, and give full reform autonomy. In accordance with the market-oriented approach, Hainan Free Trade Port Construction Investment Fund was established. We will deepen the comprehensive reform of the judicial system, fully implement the judicial responsibility system, implement pilot reforms of institutions within the courts and procuratorates, and establish a mechanism for the withdrawal of judges and procuratorates. Support the establishment of multi-disciplinary dispute resolution institutions such as international economic and trade arbitration institutions and international dispute mediation agencies.
(31) Improve the implementation mechanism. Hainan Province should give full play to its main responsibilities, take the initiative, and work hard, and dare to be the first to explore and boldly explore the historical realm of "do not have to be in me" and the historical responsibility of "make sure that there is me", one after another, one Then, after a while, draw the blueprint to the end. It is necessary to formulate a plan, stabilize market expectations, and resolutely prevent speculation in speculation. Study and establish a coordination mechanism for major issues, and coordinate the promotion of Hainan's comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up. The relevant departments of the central government should really support the truth, truly implement the various tasks and policies and measures proposed in this opinion, and work with Hainan Province to formulate an implementation plan. The National Development and Reform Commission should strengthen comprehensive coordination, strengthen supervision and inspection, timely organize the assessment of the implementation of this opinion, promptly identify problems and propose rectifications, and report major issues to the Party Central Committee and the State Council.
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