Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, April 14th
Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
Guiding Opinions on Supporting Hainan's Comprehensive Deepening of Reform and Opening up
(April 11, 2018)
Hainan Province's establishment of a provincial and special economic zone is a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee with a view to the overall situation of China's reform and opening up and socialist modernization. The year 2018 is the beginning of the implementation of the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. It is the 40th anniversary of the reform and opening up, and it is also the 30th anniversary of the establishment of the province and the establishment of special economic zones in Hainan. Under the new historical conditions, in order to fully implement the spirit of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions, it further highlights the significance of China’s reform and opening up for 40 years, and further highlights the party’s 18th National Congress General Secretary Xi Jinping leading the country. The people of all ethnic groups have comprehensively deepened the significance of reform and opening up, promoted Hainan to become a new era, comprehensively deepened the new benchmark for reform and opening up, formed a new pattern of higher levels of reform and opening up, and explored higher quality, more efficient, more equitable, and more sustainable. Development, now put forward the following opinions.
First, great significance
Hainan Province was born due to reform and opening up, and it also flourished due to reform and opening up. In 1988, the Party Central Committee approved Hainan Province to establish a special economic zone. Over the past 30 years, Hainan Province has faithfully fulfilled the historical mission given by the Party Central Committee and the State Council, boldly innovated and courageously worked hard to promote major achievements in economic and social development, developed a border island into an important window for China’s reform and opening up, and achieved tremendous changes. The country has provided valuable experience. Practice has proved that the Party Central Committee's decision on establishing a province and establishing a special economic zone in Hainan is completely correct.
Under the background of the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the new mission of giving Hainan Special Economic Zone reform and opening up is a major national strategy that General Secretary Xi Jinping has personally planned, personally deployed, and personally promoted, and is bound to create a new pattern for China’s reform and opening up. Major and far-reaching influence. Supporting Hainan's comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up is conducive to exploring experiences that can be replicated and promoted, pressing for expansion of the breadth and depth of reforms, and perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics; conducive to China’s active participation in and promotion of the process of economic globalization and development of higher levels. An open economy, accelerating the formation of a new pattern of openness in an all-round manner, will help Hainan accelerate its socialist modernization, create a new bright spot for socialism with Chinese characteristics in a new era, highlight the superiority of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and increase the cohesion and centripetal force of the Chinese nation.
Second, the overall requirements
(a) The guiding ideology. Implementing the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Party and the 2nd and 3rd Plenary Sessions of the 19th Party Congress, guided by the socialist ideology of Chinese characteristics under the new era of Xi Jinping, adhered to the Party’s overall leadership, adhered to the principle of stability and progress, and adhered to the new development concept. We will coordinate the overall layout of the "Five in One" and coordinate the promotion of the "four comprehensive" strategic layouts. We will use supply-side structural reform as the main line, give Hainan Special Economic Zone the new mission of reform and opening up, and build free trade pilot zones and free trade ports with Chinese characteristics. Emancipating the mind, innovating boldly, and focusing on exploring ways to build a modern economic system, achieve a high level of opening to the outside world, increase tourism consumption levels, serve the country’s major strategies, strengthen social governance, create a first-rate ecological environment, and improve the talent development system. The party’s major decision-making in the Nineteenth Congress is at the forefront, creating a vivid example of the practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics, opening up a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics in a new era, and making a contribution to building China into a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful socialist modernized country. Make more contributions.
(II) Strategic positioning
-- Comprehensively deepen the trial area for reform and opening up. We must vigorously promote the spirit of special zones that dare to try, dare to take the lead, and work hard. We must first test the economic system reform and social governance innovation. To adapt to the new situation of economic globalization, adopt a more proactive and open strategy, explore and establish a new system of open economy, and build Hainan into an important open door for China to the Pacific and the Indian Ocean.
-- National Ecological Civilization Experimental Area. Firmly establishing and practicing green mountains and green mountains is the philosophy of Jinshan Yinshan, firmly persists in the development of civilization in the development of production, prosperity in life, and sound ecology, and promotes the formation of a new pattern of modernization in the harmonious development of man and nature, in order to advance the national ecological civilization. Construction explore new experiences.
- International Tourism Consumption Center. We will vigorously promote the opening up of the tourism consumption sector, actively cultivate new hot spots for tourism consumption, and make every effort to improve the service quality and internationalization level, and create an international tourism consumer destination with rich business forms, brand gathering, comfortable environment, and distinctive characteristics.
-- National major strategic service guarantee area. Deeply integrate major strategies such as building a strong maritime country, building the “One Belt and One Road”, and integrating military and civilian development, comprehensively strengthen support for the building of support capabilities, earnestly perform the important mission entrusted by the Party Central Committee, and improve the status and role of Hainan in the national strategic structure.
(3) Basic principles
-- Uphold and strengthen the party's leadership in reform and opening up. The Party's leadership was perpetuated throughout Hainan's entire process of deepening reform and opening up, strengthening "four consciousnesses" and firming up "four confidences". It conscientiously safeguarded the authority of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core and centralized leadership, nurturing and practicing socialism. Core values to ensure the socialist direction of reform and opening up.
- Adhere to the overall promotion and steady implementation. Strengthen the top-level design, enhance the systematicness and coordination of reforms, and coordinate various reform initiatives to complement each other and improve the overall efficiency of the reform. Scientifically grasp the implementation steps of reform measures, strengthen risk assessment and follow-up warning, pay attention to error correction and actively prevent potential risks.
-- Insist on the overall development of land and marine conservation. Strengthen the construction of marine ecological civilization, increase marine protection, strengthen the maintenance of marine rights and interests, scientifically and orderly develop and utilize marine resources, nurture and expand characteristic marine economy, and form a new pattern of coordinated development of land and sea resources, industry, and space.
- Adhere to the key role of talent. Adhere to the talent is the first resource, bold innovation in the training, introduction, use of talent, use the talents of the world, and strive to make all kinds of talents attract, retain and use well, so that Hainan has become a talented island, technology Island of innovation.
(d) Development goals
By 2020, China will achieve the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way to ensure that the rural poor will be lifted out of poverty. The poverty-stricken counties will all remove caps; the development of free trade pilot zones will achieve important progress, the international openness will increase significantly, and the public service system will become more robust. The people’s sense of gain has increased significantly; the system of ecological civilization has basically been established, and the quality of the ecological environment has continued to maintain first-rate national standards.
By 2025, the quality and efficiency of economic growth will increase significantly; the free trade port system will be initially established, the business environment will reach the domestic first-rate level, the democratic legal system will be more complete, the modernization of governance systems and governance capacity will be significantly improved, and the level and quality of public services will reach the domestic level. The level and the equalization of basic public services are basically realized; the quality of ecological environment continues to maintain the leading level in the country.
By 2035, it will be at the forefront of the socialist modernization drive; the free trade ports will have a more mature system and operating model; the business environment will rank among the global leaders; people’s lives will be more affluent and the entire people will have a solid footing. The public service and innovation and entrepreneurship environment have reached the international advanced level; the quality of the ecological environment and the efficiency of resource utilization are at the leading level in the world; the modern social governance pattern is basically formed, and the society is full of vigor and harmonious and orderly.
By the middle of this century, we will take the lead in realizing socialist modernization and create an institutional system that is highly market-oriented, internationalized, legalized, and modernized. It will become a region where comprehensive competitiveness and cultural influence will lead, and the common prosperity of all people will be basically realized, and the economic prosperity will be built. Social civilization, ecological livability, people's happiness, a beautiful new Hainan.
III. Building a modern economic system
Adhere to quality first, benefit first, take supply side structural reform as the main line, promote economic development quality reform, efficiency change, power reform, increase total factor productivity, speed up the establishment of open ecological service industry system, and further improve the socialist market The economic system continuously enhances Hainan’s economic innovation and competitiveness.
(e) Deepen structural reform on the supply side. Adhere to the real economy as the focus of economic development, closely focus on improving the quality of the supply system, support the optimization and upgrading of traditional industries in Hainan, accelerate the development of modern service industries, and cultivate new momentum. Promote the transformation and upgrading of tourism, speed up the construction of a tourism industry system based on tourism and tourism as the focus, tourism and health tourism, and promote the development of global tourism. It aims at the international advanced level, vigorously develops the modern service industry, and accelerates the innovation and development of service trade. We will implement the strategy of strengthening our nationwide network, the strategy of big data, and the “Internet Plus” initiative, vigorously promote the development of a new generation of information technology industry, and promote the deep integration of the Internet, Internet of things, big data, satellite navigation, artificial intelligence, and the real economy. Encourage the development of virtual reality technology and vigorously develop digital creative industries. Develop a marine economy at a high starting point, actively promote the commercial exploitation of natural gas hydrates and seabed minerals in the South China Sea, encourage private enterprises to participate in the development of resources in the South China Sea, accelerate the cultivation of marine life, seawater desalination and comprehensive utilization, marine renewable energy, R&D and application of marine engineering equipment, etc. Emerging industries support the construction of modern marine ranches. Implement the strategy of village rejuvenation, strengthen the tropical agriculture with high efficiency, build a national tropical modern agricultural base, support the creation of Hainan specialty agricultural product futures, and accelerate the modernization of agriculture and rural areas.
(6) Implement innovation-driven development strategy. To support deep sea exploration, development and utilization of marine resources, aerospace applications, and other strategic areas, support Hainan to lay out a number of major scientific research infrastructure and conditional platforms, build a major science and technology innovation base in the aerospace field and a national deep-sea base south center, and build a strategic highland for space science and technology innovation . We will strengthen the construction of the National South Research and Breeding Base (Hainan), build a national tropical agricultural science center, and support Hainan in building a transit base for the introduction of global animal and plant germplasm resources. Hainan International Offshore Innovation and Demonstration Zone was established. Establish scientific and technological innovation management systems and international scientific and technological cooperation mechanisms that conform to scientific research laws. Encourage the exploration of the securitization of intellectual property and improve the credit guarantee mechanism for intellectual property.
(7) Deepen the reform of the economic system. We will deepen the reform of state-owned enterprises, promote the reform of the mixed ownership system at the group level, improve the governance structure of corporate legal persons, and improve the modern enterprise system. We will improve various types of state-owned asset management systems, explore the government's direct authorization of state-owned capital investment and operating companies, accelerate the horizontal integration, vertical integration, and professional restructuring of state-owned enterprises, and promote state-owned capital to become stronger and bigger. We will improve the system of property rights protection, strengthen the integrity of government affairs and the business environment, clear and abolish regulations and practices that hinder the unification of the market and fair competition, crack down on unfair competition, stimulate and protect entrepreneurial spirit, support the development of private enterprises, and encourage more markets. The main body and the social body devote themselves to innovation and entrepreneurship. Deepen the reform of land reclamation, advance the reform of the reclamation of the reclamation area and the reform of the farm enterprise, implement the land assetsization and capitalization orderly, encourage the social capital to participate in the reclamation project and state-owned farm reform through the establishment of the agricultural industry investment fund and the development of the equity investment fund for the reclamation industry. . We will earnestly promote the registration and certification of the use rights of collectively-owned construction land and housing sites in rural areas, and promote the pilot projects of rural land acquisition, collective construction land acquisition, and homestead system reform in Hainan to establish different ownership and different Uses The rational price parity adjustment mechanism for construction land and the value-added income distribution mechanism will coordinate the income of farmers in different regions and have different types of land. Support the establishment of international trading sites such as international energy, shipping, bulk commodities, property rights, equity, and carbon emission rights in compliance with laws and regulations in Hainan. Innovate investment and financing methods, standardize the use of government and social capital cooperation (PPP) model, and guide social capital to participate in infrastructure and people's livelihood. Support Hainan to focus on power and natural gas system reforms and carry out comprehensive energy reforms. The civil airport management system will be streamlined and the general aviation classification management reform will be piloted first.
(8) Improve the level of networked intelligence in infrastructure. In accordance with the principle of moderate advancement, interconnection, security, high efficiency, smart green, vigorously implement a number of major infrastructure projects and accelerate the construction of a modern infrastructure system. Build “Digital Hainan” to promote full coverage of urban and rural fiber optic networks and high-speed mobile communication networks, speed up the implementation of information into the villages and households project, and strive to improve the ability of communication protection in the South China Sea. Implement the national network security level protection system and improve the level of network security protection. We will promote the reconstruction and expansion of Haikou Airport and carry out preliminary work at Sanya New Airport, Luzhou Airport, and Dongfang/Wuzhishan Airport, and encrypt Hainan’s direct international routes to major global destinations. Optimize the integration of port resources and focus on supporting Haikou and Yangpu Port to be superior and stronger. We will promote the construction of the main grid structure of the grid and the intelligent upgrading of urban and rural power grids, and carry out the construction of demonstration projects such as smart grids and micro grids. Build a gas supply network covering urban and rural areas. Strengthen the use of urban underground space and the construction of an integrated pipe gallery. Improve the network of island-type water conservancy facilities.
Fourth, promote the formation of a new pattern of comprehensive openness
Adhering to all-round opening up to the outside world and following the principle of first-come-first-pass, controllable risk, step-by-step advancement, and outstanding features, the first step is to establish a pilot free trade trial zone in Hainan and give it pilot policies for the current free trade pilot zone; Steps to explore and implement a free trade port policy consistent with Hainan's development orientation.
(9) High standards, high quality and free trade trial zones. Based on the pilot content of the existing free trade trial zone, and combining the characteristics of Hainan, the China (Hainan) Free Trade Pilot Zone will be constructed. The scope of implementation will be the entire island of Hainan Island. Taking institutional innovation as the core and granting greater autonomy in reforms, Hainan supports Hainan's bold, bold, and self-reliant reforms, and accelerates the establishment of a legalized, international, and facilitative business environment and a fair, unified, and efficient market environment. Greater efforts will be made to transform government functions, deepen the government's decentralization, integrate management, optimize service reform, and improve the government's governance capacity. Implement a high level of trade and investment liberalization and facilitation policy, and fully implement the pre-entry national treatment plus negative list management system for foreign investment, centering around seed industry, medical care, education, sports, telecommunications, internet, culture, maintenance, finance, shipping, etc. Focus areas, deepen the opening up of modern agriculture, high-tech industries and modern service industries, promote the accelerated development of service trade, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of foreign investors. Promote the gradual opening up of shipping. We will give full play to the overall advantages of Hainan Island's pilot islands, strengthen the integration of reform systems, strive to achieve more institutional innovations, and highlight the role of comprehensively deepening reforms and expanding openness in experimental fields.
(10) Explore the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics. In accordance with the needs of national development, we will gradually explore and steadily advance the construction of a free trade port in Hainan and establish a free trade port policy system in stages and phases. The Hainan free trade port construction should reflect Chinese characteristics, conform to Hainan's development orientation, learn from the experience of international free trade port construction, and not focus on transit trade and processing and manufacturing, but be guided by the development of tourism, modern service industries, and high-tech industries. More emphasis is placed on the full development of people and the full stimulation of development dynamism and creativity to create a higher level, higher level open economy. To sum up the implementation of the visa-free policy for foreigners in the 59 countries in a timely manner, and to increase the security measures for entry and exit to create conditions for further expansion of visas. We will improve the "single window" and other information platforms for international trade. Actively attract foreign investment, advanced technology, and management experience to support the full participation of foreign investors in the construction of a free trade port. Explore more flexible policy systems, supervision models, and management systems in terms of domestic and foreign trade, investment and financing, fiscal taxation, financial innovation, entry and exit, etc., and build open new heights with a higher opening level, a better business environment, and a stronger radiation effect. .
(11) Strengthening the construction of risk prevention and control system. The introduction of relevant policies requires in-depth demonstration and strict control, and one mature one is introduced. We will fight against major risks and tackle major risks, effectively perform local financial supervision duties, establish a financial macroprudential management system, establish a financial regulatory coordination mechanism, strengthen the identification of major risks and the prevention of systemic financial risks, and severely combat money laundering, terrorist financing, and tax evasion. Other financial crimes can effectively prevent and control financial risks. Optimize customs supervision methods, strengthen entry and exit safety admission management, improve the supervision and prohibition of the state's prohibition and restriction of incoming goods and articles, and effectively and accurately crack down on smuggling activities. Establish a comprehensive assessment mechanism for classification and supervision of inspection and quarantine risks. Strengthen the post-event supervision of the company's investment management and implement the “double random, open” regulatory full coverage.
V. Innovating the Institutional Mechanism for Promoting the Construction of International Tourism Consumption Center
We will further promote the construction of international tourism islands, continuously optimize the development environment, further open up the tourism consumption field, actively foster new forms of tourism consumption, new hot spots, increase the level of high-end tourism consumption, promote the upgrading of tourism consumption, further release the potential of tourism consumption, and actively explore consumption. New path of economic development.
(12) To expand the space for tourism consumption development. We will implement a more open and convenient tax-free shopping policy for outlying islands, achieve full coverage of outlying islanders, and increase duty-free shopping limits. Support Hainan to open a multinational cruise route and support Sanya and other cruise ports to carry out trials of open ocean shipping routes to speed up Sanya's development towards the home port of the cruise ship. Relaxation of yacht tourism control. We will promote the development of Xisha tourism resources in an orderly manner and steadily open up the island tour. We will fully implement and improve the international medical tourism pioneer district policy of Boao Music City, encourage the research, development and application of new medical technology, new equipment and new drugs, and formulate a facilitation policy that supports the treatment of patients from outside the country to the predecessor area. Promote the integration of culture and tourism, vigorously develop new cultural consumption such as animation games, online culture, and digital content, and promote the upgrading of traditional cultural consumption. Foreign investors are allowed to set up a performance brokerage agency operating in this province in Hainan to allow foreign capital to set up performance venue business units in approved cultural tourism industrial clusters in Hainan Province. Performance programs must comply with national laws and policies. The tourist hotel is allowed to receive overseas TV channels approved by the state. Support the establishment of a national sports training southern base and provincial sports center in Hainan, encourage the development of beach sports, water sports, horse racing and other projects, and support the creation of a national sports tourism demonstration area. Explore the development of quiz-type sports lottery tickets and large-scale international events that open lottery tickets. Explore support for the construction of tourism projects from space planning, land supply, and resource utilization.
(13) Improve the quality of tourism consumption services. Encourage Hainan tourism companies to optimize and restructure their businesses, support eligible companies in their listing and financing, promote the scale, brand, and network management of the tourism industry and form a group of internationally competitive tourism groups. Promote the operation of budget hotel chains, encourage the development of various types of ecological and cultural themed hotels and featured small and medium-sized family hotels, and actively introduce domestic and international high-end hotel groups and famous hotel management brands. High-standard layout to build a large consumer commerce circle with international influence, improve the "Internet +" consumer ecosystem, encourage the construction of "smart stores" and "smart business districts" and support the improvement of cross-border consumer service functions. Strengthen the overall planning and construction of tourism public service facilities. We will improve the standards system, supervision system, credit system and complaint system for tourism services, and establish a credit rating system, major information announcements, consumer complaint information, and non-compliance record disclosure systems. We will severely crack down on violations of laws and regulations that disrupt the tourism market, improve the mediation mechanism for tourism disputes, and earnestly safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of tourists. Support Hainan's integration of tourism marketing resources, strengthen overall marketing, and promote the promotion of Hainan's tourism image.
(14) To vigorously promote the internationalization of tourism consumption. Support Hainan to actively introduce international high-quality capital and intellectual resources and adopt international advanced concepts to protect and develop tourism resources. The qualified Sino-foreign joint-venture travel agencies registered in Hainan are allowed to engage in outbound travel services other than in Taiwan. Support Hainan to actively participate in international tourism cooperation and division of labor, and pragmatic cooperation with international organizations and enterprises in attracting investment, intelligence, market development, education and training, and sports events. Accelerate the establishment of a tourism management system that is linked to international rules, and encourage more companies to carry out ISO quality and environmental management system certifications and improve their management. The system upgrades the internationalization, standardization, and informationization of tourism facilities and tourism elements. Guiding Hainan to further run international sports events and support the re-introduction of a number of international first-class events. Support Hainan to hold an International Commodity Fair and International Film Festival.
VI. Service and Integration into Country Major Strategies
Support Hainan in fulfilling the important mission entrusted by the Party Central Committee, continue to strengthen support for safeguarding capacity building, and better serve the implementation of major national strategies such as building a strong maritime nation, building the “One Belt and One Road”, and integrating military and civilian development.
(15) Strengthen the capacity building of service and safeguarding of rights protection and development in the South China Sea. Accelerate the improvement of Hainan’s key infrastructure such as rights protection, shipping, and fishery, and significantly increase China’s comprehensive management and control capabilities in the jurisdictional sea area. We will implement the South China Sea safeguard project and establish a sound rescue support system. Safeguard the court to exercise jurisdiction over the sea areas under the jurisdiction of China. We will support the construction of a cooperation base for the development of offshore tourism in Sanya, and an oil and gas exploration, production and service base in Chengmai. Strengthen the construction of key fishing ports and safe harbors.
(16) Deepening foreign exchanges and cooperation. Make full use of the Boao Forum for Asia and other international exchange platforms to promote the development of more pragmatic and efficient cooperation between Hainan and countries along the “Belt and Road,” and build an important strategic fulcrum for the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. Encourage overseas institutions to settle in Hainan. Support Hainan to promote the construction of its headquarters base and encourage multinational corporations and large domestic enterprise groups to establish international headquarters and regional headquarters in Hainan. Support the establishment of a 21st century maritime Silk Road culture, education, agriculture and tourism exchange platform in Hainan to promote the construction of Qionghai Agriculture's opening up and cooperation pilot area. We will strengthen communication and exchanges between Hainan and Southeast Asian countries and focus on cooperation in tourism, environmental protection, marine fisheries, cultural exchanges, innovation and entrepreneurship, and disaster prevention and reduction.
(17) Promote the deep development of military and civilian integration. We will implement related plans for the implementation of national defense requirements for economic construction projects, strengthen the coordinated development of military and civilian areas in the fields of infrastructure, science and technology, education, and medical services, and establish institutional mechanisms for joint military and land cooperation, joint development of science and technology, construction of facilities, and logistics and joint guarantees. Hainan will become a demonstration base for the integration of military and civilian development. Relying on Hainan Wenchang Space Launch Site, it will promote the construction of Hainan Wenchang International Space City. We will improve the civil service facilities and functions of the South Island Reef, build ecological islands and reefs, and create a quality project for the integration of South Navy and civilians. We will deepen the reform of the fine management of airspace and improve the use efficiency of civil and military airspace. We will improve the land replacement policy for the military and land, ensure the demand for military land, and promote the utilization of stocks of land. Build a national strategic energy reserve base.
(18) Strengthening regional cooperation and exchanges. Relying on the Pan-Pearl River Delta regional cooperation mechanism, Hainan and relevant provinces and regions are encouraged to participate in the protection and development of the South China Sea, and marine economic demonstration zones and marine science and technology cooperation zones will be jointly established. Closely cooperate with Hong Kong and Macao in the fields of maritime affairs, maritime police, fisheries, maritime search and rescue, and actively engage in the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macao Bay Area. We will strengthen cooperation with the Taiwan region in areas such as education, medical care, modern agriculture, and the protection and development of marine resources. Deepen the cooperation in the Qiongzhou Strait and promote the coordinated development of port and tourism.
VII. Strengthening and Innovating Social Governance
We must always adhere to the people-centered development concept, improve the public service system, strengthen the construction of social governance systems, continue to meet the ever-growing needs of the people for a better life, form an effective social governance, a good social order, and provide people with a sense of well-being and happiness. The sense of security is more fulfilling, more secure and more sustainable.
(19) Improve and improve the people's growth efficiency mechanism. We will resolutely win the fight against poverty through precision, establish a long-term mechanism for stabilizing poverty, and promote poverty reduction and quality improvement. We will deepen the reform of the household registration system, promote the urbanization of the agricultural transfer population in an orderly manner, and promote basic public services to cover all resident population. Vigorously implement basic education and quality improvement projects to comprehensively upgrade preschool education and the quality of primary and secondary education. Improve labor employment system, improve the minimum wage standard adjustment and wage payment guarantee long-term mechanism. We will carry out pilot reforms to stimulate key groups to increase revenue and vitality, promote institutional reform and reform of the talent evaluation mechanism, and accelerate the improvement of government agencies that are compatible with the establishment of free trade pilot zones and free trade ports and reflect job performance and hierarchical classification within the framework of national policies. Unit wage distribution policy. We will innovate the social assistance model and improve the special assistance system. We will extend special assistance to low-income families on the basis of protecting urban and rural residents with minimum living security and special hardship. Full implementation of the universal insurance plan. Establish and improve long-term real estate mechanism to prevent housing prices from rising and falling. Continue to deepen the reform of the medical and health system.
(20) To build a social governance structure that builds a common governance and sharing. Strengthen the prevention and resolution of social contradictions and correctly handle the internal conflicts among the people. Strengthen the collection and analysis of population dynamics data and establish a population monitoring and early warning reporting system. Promote the establishment of "one-card" service management model based on social security cards. Explore industrial associations' associations, science and technology, public welfare charities, and social organizations of urban and rural community services to directly register the system, and support social organizations in playing a greater role in regulating market order, conducting industry supervision, strengthening industry self-discipline, and mediating trade disputes. Promote the decoupling reform of trade associations in industry associations. Comprehensively strengthen grass-roots governance, make overall plans to promote the construction of grass-roots political power and self-governance at the grass-roots level, promote the effective integration of township (street) governance and urban and rural community governance, and establish a simple and efficient grassroots management system. We will comprehensively promote the construction of a social credit system and accelerate the establishment of trustworthy incentives and disciplinary mechanisms for dishonesty. Focusing on the hot and difficult issues of social governance such as administration, judicial management, urban management, and environmental protection, promote the application of artificial intelligence technology and improve the level of social governance intelligence.
(21) Deepening the reform of the administrative system. We must fully implement the spirit of the Third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, conscientiously implement the "Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party on Deepening the Reform of the Party and the State Institutions," and "Strengthen the Party and the State Institutional Reform Plan," and resolutely uphold the authority of the Party Central Committee and centralize unified leadership, and take the lead to complete Reform of local party and government institutions. The reform of “distribution management service” was deepened, and it was at the forefront of further deregulating government administration, decentralizing management, and optimizing services, and promoting the construction of free trade pilot zones and free trade ports. In accordance with the principle of allowing them to be put and not letting them go, the provincial government of Hainan Province is given more autonomy, and the management services affiliated to the grassroots and the masses will be borne by the lower levels of government. We will promote the reform and innovation of administrative divisions in Hainan and optimize the administrative divisions and administrative divisions. Support Hainan's overall planning and use of resources in accordance with actual needs. We will deepen the reform of “combining multiple regulations” and promote the formation of a unified spatial planning system across the province. Actively explore reforms of the judicial system that are compatible with the reform of the administrative system.
VIII. Accelerating the Reform of Ecological Civilization System
We must firmly establish a socialist ecological civilization concept, treat the ecological environment as if we were dealing with life, implement the strictest system of ecological environmental protection, and naturally provide more high-quality ecological products to meet the people's growing beautiful ecological environment needs with tranquility, harmony, and beauty. Write a beautiful Chinese Hainan chapter.
(22) Improve the ecological civilization system. Accelerate the establishment of a sound and long-term mechanism for the construction of an ecological civilization, and tighten the responsibility for eco-environmental protection. Took the lead in establishing a modern regulatory system for the protection of the ecological environment and resources, and set up state-owned natural resource asset management and natural ecology regulatory agencies. The implementation of environmental protection, "the party and government have the same responsibility, one post double responsibility", to build a green development-oriented evaluation and evaluation system, strict implementation of party and government leaders divestment of natural resource assets audit, ecological environmental damage liability system. Prepare a balance sheet for natural resources and implement the vertical management system for monitoring, supervision and enforcement of environmental protection agencies under the province. Support Hainan to take the lead in exploring the establishment and improvement of the natural resource assets property rights system and the paid use system. Accelerate the improvement of the ecological protection compensation mechanism linked to the effectiveness of ecological protection and the distribution of financial transfer payments. Full implementation of the river length system, the lake length system, the bay length system, and the forest length system. Explore the establishment of a water rights system. Encourage Hainan national and provincial nature reserves to conduct compliance and regulations in accordance with laws and explore the first pilot of forest management. Strengthen the judicial protection of the marine ecological environment. Conduct pilot marine carbon sinks. Study and build a green standard system, establish a green product government procurement system, and create a green development demonstration area. The implementation of carbon emissions and incremental control of energy consumption. Establish a "black list" system for environmental pollution, and improve the system of environmental protection credit evaluation, mandatory information disclosure, and severe punishment of heavy penalties. Establish a system of compulsory liability insurance for environmental pollution in areas of high environmental risk.
(23) Constructing a national space development protection system. In-depth implementation of the main functional area strategy, health and use of the country's land use control system, improve the main functional areas supporting policies, formulate and implement the Hainan Province, the main functional areas of the sea planning. Complete ecological protection red line, permanent basic farmland, urban development boundary and marine biological resources protection line, delineation of the reclamation control line, strict natural ecological space use control. Implement the most stringent land-saving system, implement the combined control of the total amount and intensity of construction land use, promote urban renewal and reconstruction, and carry out overall integration and unified development of inefficient and scattered land, ensuring that the total amount of construction land in Hainan does not increase on an existing basis. The per capita urban industrial and mining land and the use of land for the construction of a unit of GDP have steadily declined. Strengthen the supervision and management of nature reserves. Research and establishment of national parks such as tropical rain forests, construction of a natural park system with a national park as the main body, and implementation of overall protection, system restoration, and comprehensive management in accordance with the integrity, systematization, and inherent laws of the natural ecosystem. Implement important ecosystem protection and restoration major projects, construct ecological corridors and biodiversity conservation networks, and improve ecosystem quality and stability. Encourage the implementation of commercial forest abolition system in key ecological locations, explore ways to standardize the transfer of collective land and economic forest through lease, replacement, easement contracts, etc., and gradually restore and expand natural ecological space such as tropical rain forests. We will implement a project to improve the quality of national reserve forests and build a wood reserve base for rare and valuable tree species. Residents in vulnerable and sensitive ecological areas are gradually implementing ecological migration. Strictly protect the marine ecological environment, attach greater importance to setting land by sea, speed up the establishment of total pollutant control systems for sea inlet in key sea areas, and formulate comprehensive plans for the protection and utilization of coastal zones.
(24) Promote the formation of a green lifestyle. Adhere to the "green, recycling, low-carbon" concept, establish a system of industrial access negative lists, comprehensively prohibit the development of high-energy consumption, high-pollution, high-emission industries and low-end manufacturing industries, promote the current manufacturing industry to intelligent, green and service Type change, speed up the construction of a green industry system. Implement dual control actions on total energy consumption and intensity. Support Hainan to build an ecological recycling agriculture demonstration province and speed up the creation of a pioneering green agricultural development area. Implement a system of producer responsibility extension to promote the production companies to effectively implement the responsibility for the recovery of discarded products. Reduce fossil energy consumption such as coal and accelerate the establishment of a safe, green, intensive and efficient clean energy supply system. The establishment of idle housing utilization mechanism to encourage the development of new types of rental housing and other business. Explore new modes of sharing economy development, and carry out pilot demonstrations in areas such as travel, education, and vocational training. Scientifically and reasonably control the number of motor vehicles, speed up the promotion of new energy vehicles and energy-saving and environmentally friendly vehicles, and gradually prohibit the sale of fuel vehicles on Hainan Island. A total ban on the production, sale and use of disposable non-biodegradable plastic bags and plastic tableware in Hainan will accelerate the application of green packaging in the express delivery industry.
IX. Perfecting the Talent Development System
Implementing the strategy of strengthening the country through talents, deepening the reform of the system and mechanism for the development of talents, implementing a more active, more open, and more effective human resources policy, accelerating the formation of the desire for talent, the efforts of everyone to become talents, the ability of everyone to become talented, and the ability of everyone to develop their talents. Good environment.
(25) Innovative personnel training support mechanism. Hainan is encouraged to make full use of quality education and training resources at home and abroad, strengthen education and training cooperation, and cultivate high-level international talents. Support Hainan University to create world-class disciplines and support key universities to cultivate and build key laboratories. Encourage domestic famous universities and research institutes to set up branches in Hainan. Improve the vocational education and training system, deepen the integration of production and education, school-enterprise cooperation, and encourage social forces to organize vocational education through various forms such as sole proprietorship, joint ventures, and cooperation. Encourage Hainan to introduce overseas quality education resources, hold high-level Chinese-foreign cooperative education institutions and projects, and explore the establishment of a provincial-level joint approval mechanism for Chinese-foreign cooperative education project departments at or above bachelor level. Support Hainan to establish special funds for training professionals through marketization. Improve the institutional mechanisms that promote lifelong education and training.
(26) Build a more open mechanism for attracting talents. We will increase the support of the national talent plan for the establishment of a talent team in Hainan Province. Closely focusing on the goal of strengthening public welfare attributes, we will deepen the reform of public institutions. Except for institutions that only provide support and support for the authorities, we will abolish administrative levels in principle, and allow the reformed institutions to combine the actual improvements in the internal distribution of performance-based wages that are conducive to motivating talents. . Promote the reasonable flow of teachers, doctors, and scientific researchers. Innovative "Migratory Bird" talent introduction and use mechanism, the establishment of "Migratory Bird" talent workstations, allowing the Mainland's state-owned enterprises, institutions of professional technology and management personnel in accordance with regulations in Hainan part-time salary and pay by labor. Support Hainan to carry out the pilot project of international talent management reform, allowing foreign and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan technical and technical personnel to apply for permanent residence in Hainan as required. Excellent foreign students who have obtained a master's degree or above in Chinese universities are allowed to work and start businesses in Hainan and expand the scale of international students in Hainan's colleges and universities. Support Hainan in exploring and establishing a management system that attracts foreign high-tech talent.
(27) Building a contingent of highly qualified and specialized cadres. Adhere to the principle of the party's management of cadres, adhere to the correct selection of personnel and guidance, highlight political standards, focus on cultivating professional abilities and professionalism, and strengthen the ranks of cadres to help boost Hainan's ability to comprehensively deepen reform and opening up. Promote the appointment system and classified management reform of civil servants, broaden the channels for talented individuals entering the party and government cadre, and allow high-level special positions to be set up in government agencies with stronger professionalism, and implement employment management and agreement wages. Strengthen the learning exchanges between civil servants in Hainan and in developed regions in China, conduct international exchanges and cooperation among civil servants, and conduct overseas training for civil servants in a safe and orderly manner. Strengthen the reserve of outstanding reserve cadres, and improve the mechanism for encouraging cadres to go to the grass-roots frontline and difficult and difficult areas.
(28) To comprehensively upgrade the level of talent service. Increase the supply of high-quality public services to meet the demand for high quality public services. Vigorously introduce high-quality medical resources, encourage social forces to develop high-level medical institutions, promote cooperation between international and domestic medical resources, and actively introduce outstanding health professional and technical personnel. We will further promote the direct settlement of hospital medical expenses across provinces and encourage the development of commercial supplementary insurance. Promote the construction of social old-age service facilities. Accelerate the construction of digital libraries, digital museums, and online theaters, and build a public digital cultural service network with unified and interconnected standards. A special policy was introduced to solve the problems of employment, housing, medical treatment, social security, and children’s education for the imported talents.
Unwaveringly strengthening the Party’s leadership in reform and opening up, further strengthening policy support, establishing and perfecting the working mechanism of “Centralized overall planning, departmental support, and provincial implementation”, and consciously and consciously implementing the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council.
(29) Strengthen party leadership. Adhere to the party's leadership over all work and give full play to the party's role in taking over the overall situation and coordinating all parties. The Hainan Provincial Party Committee must put the Party’s political construction in the first place and use the Xi Jinping’s socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics to arm Hainan Party members and cadres. We should focus on improving the system of strengthening the party’s overall leadership, optimizing the party’s organizational structure, establishing and improving the provincial leadership’s institutional mechanisms for comprehensively deepening reform and opening up work, giving better play to the role of the party’s functional departments, and improving the party’s orientation, overall situation, and orientation. Policy, ability to promote reform, and determination. Strengthen the building of grass-roots party organizations, focus on improving organizational capabilities, enhance political functions, guide the majority of party members to play an exemplary vanguard role, and build grass-roots party organizations into a strong fighting bastion to promote Hainan’s comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up. We will improve the cadre assessment and evaluation system that embodies the requirements of the new development concept and the correct performance outlook, establish an incentive mechanism and a fault-tolerant and error-correcting mechanism, and clearly support the cadres who dare to take on duty, do things practically, and do nothing for personal gain. Firmly master the leadership of ideological work, integrate socialist core values into all aspects of social development, and strengthen cultural confidence. We will continue to implement discipline, strengthen disciplinary inspection and supervision, and create a clean environment. Deepen political inspections. Fully implement the supervision law.
(30) Strengthening policy protection. The reform policies and measures put forward in this opinion, which involve the adjustment of the existing laws or administrative regulations, shall be implemented after the unified authorization of the National People's Congress or the State Council. The relevant departments of the Central Government shall, based on Hainan Province's construction of a free trade pilot zone, explore and implement the free trade port policy that meets Hainan's development orientation, promptly decentralize relevant administrative authority to Hainan Province, and give full autonomy to reform. In accordance with the market approach, Hainan Free Trade Port Construction Investment Fund was established. We will deepen the comprehensive reform of the judicial system, fully implement the judicial responsibility system, implement trials for institutional reforms in courts and procuratorates, and establish exit mechanisms for judges and procurators. Support the establishment of multiple dispute resolution agencies such as international economic and trade arbitration agencies and international dispute settlement agencies.
(31) Improve the implementation mechanism. Hainan Province should take the main responsibility, take the initiative, act meticulously, dare to take the lead, and explore boldly. Take the history of “Knowing as not having to be with me” and the history of “Mutual success must have me”. After a while, you will paint the blueprint in the end. It is necessary to formulate a plan, stabilize market expectations, and resolutely prevent speculation in real estate speculation. We will study and establish a coordination mechanism for major issues and make overall plans for Hainan to deepen reform and opening up. The relevant departments of the Central Government should really support the truth and truly implement the tasks and policies and measures put forward in this Opinion, and work together with Hainan Province to formulate implementation plans. The National Development and Reform Commission must strengthen comprehensive coordination, strengthen supervision and inspection, timely organize the assessment of the implementation of this opinion, identify problems in a timely manner, and propose corrections. Major issues are reported to the Party Central Committee and the State Council.