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Experts predict that three to five years, the occupational annuity summary will exceed 1 trillion yuan
On July 23, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security held a press conference for the second quarter of 2018. Lu Yihong, a spokesperson, said at the meeting that in addition to promoting the investment and operation of the basic endowment insurance fund, the next step will be to accelerate the urban and rural residents' pension insurance fund and Occupational annuity fund investment operations. This means that in addition to the basic pension, A shares will usher in two new long-term funds.
Tang Haosong, director of the Fund Supervision Bureau of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, said earlier that it is necessary to comprehensively promote the investment of urban and rural residents' pension insurance funds. In 2017, the accumulated balance of urban and rural residents' basic pension insurance funds reached 631.8 billion yuan, with great potential. To this end, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Affairs and the Ministry of Finance are studying this issue, and this year is expected to fully launch the entrusted investment of urban and rural residents' pension insurance funds.
Dong Dengxin, director of the Institute of Financial Securities of Wuhan University of Science and Technology, also said that since the second half of last year, relevant departments have begun to accelerate the investment and operation of urban and rural residents' pension insurance funds, and it is expected to accelerate the opening of actual investment operations in the future.
As for the occupational annuity, as early as 2016, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Affairs and the Ministry of Finance have issued the Interim Measures for the Administration of Occupational Pension Funds, which clearly stipulates management responsibilities, fund investment, income distribution and expenses. In April this year, the two ministries and commissions issued the "Notice on Regulating the Management and Operation of Occupational Annuity Funds".
"The future occupational annuity is estimated from the actual account size. The total annual occupational annuity payment of the institution is about 300 billion yuan, and the amount of entering the A-share market is at least 50 billion yuan. Since the occupational annuity is 'quasi-mandatory', it is relatively stable. In three to five years, it is expected that the occupational annuity will exceed 1 trillion yuan." Dong Dengxin believes that the occupational metal in the long-term funds, the ability to pay is strong, because the government agencies have government budget to protect, the ability to pay is relatively strong, The accumulation of professional annuity funds will grow steadily. Once the investment operation begins, it will form a favorable positive for the capital market, and the support for the market is far greater than the enterprise annuity.
An analyst from Guokai Securities told the Securities Daily reporter that the urban and rural residents' pension insurance fund and the occupational annuity fund invested and operated, and some funds entered the stock market, which will promote the maturity of the stock market, which means that the stability of the Chinese stock market is expected to continue to increase. This has positive implications for preventing systemic risks in financial markets.
Since the second quarter of this year, the pace of pensions entering the market has accelerated significantly. As of the end of June, the funds for local basic pension entrusted investment had reached 371.65 billion yuan and started to invest. Compared with the first quarter, the speed of funds arrival has accelerated. In the first quarter, the newly added funds reached 33.5 billion yuan, and the newly added funds in the second quarter reached 65 billion yuan.
At present, the total amount of local basic pension entrusted investment has reached 585 billion yuan, and at least 130 billion yuan of funds are on the way.
Accelerated capital arrival
Lu Aihong, a spokesperson for the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, disclosed the latest situation of local basic pension investment operations at a regular press conference in the second quarter.
The data shows that as of the end of June, 14 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have signed commissioned investment contracts with the Social Insurance Fund Council, with a total contract value of 585 billion yuan, of which 371.65 billion yuan has been received and investment has begun. The funds will be delivered in batches in batches according to the contract.
The reporter found out that since the second quarter, the speed of funds has been accelerated, and the newly added funds in the second quarter have reached 65 billion yuan, while the newly arrived funds in the first quarter were only 33.5 billion yuan.
In addition, compared with the first quarter, the number of provinces entrusted to invest in the second quarter has increased by two. The 14 provinces currently entrusted to invest are Beijing, Shanxi, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Henan, Hubei, Guangxi, Chongqing, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, and Gansu.
Dong Dengxin, director of the Institute of Financial Securities of Wuhan University of Science and Technology, said in an interview with the Shanghai Stock Exchange that as of the end of last year, the national basic pension insurance fund had a total balance of 4 trillion yuan, and the current amount of funds entrusted to invest and operate accounted for more than ten. One of the points. With the promotion of the national pension fund, it is expected that the scale of funds for entrusted investment will continue to expand.
More entrusted funds are still on the road. Lu Aihong revealed: "Shanghai is preparing to invest an additional 30 billion yuan. Sichuan is preparing to entrust an investment of 100 billion yuan. It is negotiating with the National Social Security Fund Council to sign an investment contract."
Prior to the announcement by the State Council, the central adjustment system for the implementation of the pension fund was established from July 1. Lu Aihong said that in the future, on the basis of comprehensively achieving provincial-level coordination and continuous improvement of the fund's central adjustment system, the national pension insurance will be promoted.
In Dong Dengxin's view, the basic pension insurance fund for employees can only achieve national scale and be managed by the central government, so that they can exert their scale effect, and at the same time, they can improve efficiency and reduce management costs.
A shares will usher in new long-term funds
In addition to the basic pension, A shares will usher in new long-term funds.
Lu Aihong pointed out that in the next step, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security will promote the investment and operation of the basic endowment insurance fund, and accelerate the investment and operation of urban and rural residents' pension insurance funds and occupational annuity funds.
"The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security will issue a document with the Ministry of Finance to accelerate the commissioning of investment in urban and rural residents' pension insurance funds, and expand to the basic endowment insurance fund of urban and rural residents, and promote the orderly start of investment in urban and rural residents' pension insurance funds," he said.
Dong Dengxin said that the current balance of urban and rural residents' pension funds is about 500 billion yuan to 600 billion yuan. Since the second half of last year, relevant departments have begun to propose to speed up the entry of urban and rural residents' pension insurance funds. Since the beginning of this year, relevant investment management methods have been successively launched, and it is expected to accelerate the entry into the actual investment operation level in the future.
Occupational annuities are also long-term funds. As early as 2016, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Affairs and the Ministry of Finance have issued the Interim Measures for the Administration of Occupational Pension Funds, which clearly stipulates management responsibilities, fund investment, income distribution and expenses. In April this year, the two ministries and commissions issued the "Notice on Regulating the Management and Operation of Occupational Annuity Funds".
“Occupational annuities entering the market are very important factors for the healthy growth and strength of the capital market.” Dong Dengxin said.
The Ministry of Human and Social Affairs also released a data yesterday: the local pension income investment rate in 2017 was 5.23%.
The basic pension insurance fund is the life-saving money of the majority of retirees. Therefore, in the process of investment operation, the safety of the fund is guaranteed to be placed first.
Lu Aihong also stressed yesterday that strengthening risk control management, preventing the impact of financial risks on the investment and operation of pension funds, and urging the management institutions to invest steadily, and strive to achieve long-term stable investment returns.
Dong Dengxin said that although the current pension funds are limited in size, future pensions will become the most important long-term institutional investors in the A-share market. (Source: Shanghai Securities News)
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