Ginseng is known as the "King of Herbs". In October, Jilin, the world's largest ginseng producing area, welcomed the ginseng harvest season.
Ji'an, a small town in the southeastern part of Jilin Province, is located in the Changbai Mountain, and the clear Yalu River passes through the city. It is known as the “southern small south of the Yangtze River”. It is both the hometown of ancient ginseng cultivation and the place of ginseng in the region. Kangmei Dadi ginseng and Xinkaihe ginseng planting base are distributed in the area of Ji'an City, between the Changbai Mountain Range of 41° north latitude and 126° east longitude.
From mid-September to late October this year, it is the busiest season for Kangmei. Xu Chengjun, the general manager of the large-scale ginseng industry, who has just completed the work of fresh ginseng, is very happy. This year, the ginseng harvested gardens have a total of 3.5 million jins, which is also a fresh harvest season.
Kangmei Park participates in the harvest
At the beginning of October this year, Kangmei Dadi Industrial Co., Ltd. was located in two plantations in Ji'an City to complete the collection and storage, namely, the two participating schools in Caiyuan Town and the three participating schools in Taishang Town. In mid-October, the participation in the Kuandian area of Liaoning Province was completed. This year, the fresh ground ginseng industry harvested 3.5 million kilograms of 4 to 5 years of garden ginseng.
According to Xu Chengjun, general manager of Kangmei Dadi Industrial Co., Ltd., the three fields of Shenyezi Village in Taishang Town are 820.56 mu, and they will enter the participating rotation period after entering the 2016. Usually, after 5 years of ginseng planting, it is necessary to carry out land rotation for the participation of the ginseng. It is impossible to grow ginseng for more than ten years. The company took out 20 acres as a test field, re-planted the seeds in 2017, and conducted a round-robin test.
At present, most of the gardens of Kangmei Dadi are distributed in Kuandian, Liaoning and Meihekou, Jilin, and the participating areas in Ji'an area have also entered the final stage. Since the beginning of this year, Kangmei Dadi has invited scientific research institutions such as Jilin Ginseng Office, Tonghua Ginseng Research Institute and Ji'an Ginseng Research Institute to participate in the measurement.
Zhao Xiaolong, deputy director of the Ji'an Ginseng Research Institute, said that in mid-September this year, he and his team conducted unit production in Kuandian and Ji'an respectively. The average yield of a curtain (10 meters) was 52 kg, one mu of ginseng. The average yield of the ground (25~30 curtains) is 600~700 kg.
Kangmei Dadi Garden has been planted in accordance with the national Chinese herbal medicine GAP standard. It has field records from land selection, soil improvement and growth period management, and has achieved traceability throughout the entire process. Kangmei Dadi Project Co., Ltd. has also established a precedent for large-scale farmland planting in China on the basis of research and development with the Ji'an Ginseng Research Institute, Jilin Agricultural University and the Institute of Special Products of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. The quality of ginseng produced is excellent. And it has been highly recognized by the “Changbai Mountain Ginseng” brand raw material production base certification organization and successfully passed the certification.
Since Kangmei Pharmaceutical has been constructing the whole industrial chain of Chinese medicine and the development model of ginseng's entire industrial chain, the fresh ginseng of Kangmei Dadi will not enter the local ginseng trading market, but enter Kangmei Xinkaihe (Jilin) Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Deep processing, or innovative sales as a fresh ginseng brand, this has also achieved the Kangmei "fresh supplement festival" that is now sweeping across the country.
Since 2012, Kangmei Dadi has adopted the “Company + Base + Farmers” model and actively implemented the precise poverty alleviation policy. It has built the largest domestic ginseng standardized planting base with an area of more than 35,000 mu, realizing 6300 land transfer and driving more than 50,000. Farmers are engaged in ginseng planting, and the annual per capita income is increased by 20,000-30,000 yuan to achieve collective poverty alleviation in the same year. Next, Kangmei Dadi will increase its investment and develop ginseng standardized cultivation on a scale of 5,000 mu per year to help rural revitalization.
Linxia is hiding in the mountains for value-added
Ji'an is the birthplace of ginseng and the only producing area of ginseng. It has a history of more than 500 years of ginseng cultivation. The annual output of Ji'an ginseng is about 4,500 tons, which is known as the “Ginseng Hometown”. In addition to the garden ginseng of the Kangmei Dadi ginseng, some of the bases of Kangmeilin Xishen are also distributed here.
At noon on November 1st, Ma Huanhao, general manager of Kangmei Xinkaihe (Jilin) Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Xinhuanet Jilin Channel staff and several excavators and people drove to Dayang Town, Dalu Town, more than 40 kilometers away from Ji'an City. The village's Kang Meilin is under the base. The off-road vehicles trekked in the deep mountains where people were rare. They crossed the village of Dayangyu. The mountain roads became more and more rugged. They went to the foot of the mountain and the road was narrow. They could not drive. The pedestrians walked along the mountain road for about 30 minutes before they saw Kangmei. Lin Xia Shen base gate. The wire fence of nearly 2 meters high divides the clear boundary. In addition to theft prevention, these barbed wire are mainly used to prevent wild boars from entering the ground. On weekdays, there are 12 staff members patrolling and guarding. If there is no Kangmei staff to lead, outsiders cannot enter.
According to Ma Huanhao, general manager of Kangmei Xinkaihe (Jilin) Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Kangmei is about 3,000 acres of Linxia ginseng base in the Dayangtun Village of Ji'an, almost all of them are 18 years old.
In the late autumn of the Northeast, the leaves of the mountains are covered with green leaves, except for the yellowish moss on the roads. At this time, the leaves on the ground of the forest under the forest have already fallen, leaving only the grass-like stems exposed, so it is difficult for laymen to find the traces of the forest ginseng on the bare hillside, but the experienced ginseng has a look. Can recognize it. The distribution of the forest ginseng is sparse and dense. Within 1 square metre of the ginseng, there are 30 to 40 forest ginseng and 5 to 6 trees.
Four professional digging people in the same industry, with the traditional digging tools, casually found a hillside to start digging.
About half an hour, 5 ginseng ginseng was dug out in good condition. The first group leader of the Dayangyu Village in the same industry, Chen Yunqing, is an experienced peasant. He visually observed the length of the head of the reed, and he was excavated for 17 or 8 years. "This kind of Linxia can sell at least six." Seven hundred yuan (per tree), if the product is good, the price can be much higher." Chu Yunqing said that the current market is more than 12 years old, more than 15 years of less forest.
Dayangyu Village is an area where the forest ginseng planted earlier in Ji'an City. The area of the sun slope is large and the sunshine is sufficient. The quality of the forest ginseng is well known. More than 160 households in the village have about 2,000 people, and nearly 80% of them participate in the planting of undergrowth.
The 67-year-old Zhang Daochen is a native of the village of Dayangyu Village, and is also the first batch of farmers participating in the planting of the forest. In 1998, Zhang Daochen’s two sons contracted the mountain to plant the ginseng. “There was only a seed planted in the beginning, and no one came to manage it in the first six or seven years.” Zhang Daochen said that when Lin Xia was instructed for seven or eight years, he and His wife is on the mountain to keep the ginseng, anti-rat, anti-wild pigs, anti-person stealing, and the participation of the land has also expanded from the original 10 acres to more than 70 acres. "In the good years of Linxia's market, a 12-year-old forest ginseng can be sold for 200 yuan, and a good-quality forest ginseng for at least 15 years is at least 600-700 yuan, and even sold for 4,000-5,000 yuan. Tree," said Zhang Daochen.
According to Ma Huanhao, when Kangmei acquired Linxia, there was no large-scale participation so far, but it continued to be raised in the mountains. "The longer the price of the forest, the more the price will double." Ma Huanhao said.
Regarding the problem of the seedling rate of Linxiashen, Feng Jia, deputy director of the Jilin Ginseng Office, said that there is a certain rate of seedlings in the process of planting the ginseng. This is related to the location of the nurses, the location of the participating areas, the rodent control and wild boar. There are no relatively fixed criteria for determining a number of management measures. At present, according to the national assessment criteria, more than 15 years of forest ginseng is wild ginseng, usually divided into three grades, special grade, first grade and second grade, each grade difference is several times, some reach ten times, even dozens Times. Wild ginseng from 15 to 20 years can only be rated as second-class; 20 to 30 years can be rated as first class; 30 years or more can be rated as special. An ordinary second-class wild ginseng (Linxia ginseng) can be sold for about 200 yuan, while the first-class wild ginseng can sell for several thousand yuan, and the special wild ginseng may be as high as tens of thousands of yuan.
"Although Lin Xia will lose seedlings in the ground, there will be natural seeds falling each year, forming the ability to grow cyclically, and it will be more than double the value of different grades in different years, or increase in value." Feng said.
In Tonghua City, the hometown of ginseng, there are 465 ginseng deep processing enterprises, and Kangmei is one of the five national agricultural industrialization leading enterprises. Kangmei Xinkaihe is currently the largest large-scale human-industry enterprise in Asia, integrating production, processing and marketing. The annual output value of molded red ginseng products is 200 million yuan.
Kangmei Xinkaihe has more than 30 years of ginseng cultivation history, with more than 2,800 mu of ginseng GAP planting base, professional ginseng cultivation technology team, and 2 ginseng planting invention patents. The leading products Xinkaihe red ginseng and American ginseng were identified as 2018. The brand products of Changbai Mountain Ginseng have achieved standardization, standardization and modernization development, and have undertaken the construction of “National Essential Medicines for Chinese Herbal Medicine (Ginseng) Seed Seedling Breeding Base” and the transformation of major scientific and technological achievements of “Double Ten Project” in Jilin Province – “New Development” A number of projects, such as the standardized cultivation of river ginseng and the industrialization of deep processing of series products, are the demonstration bases for the protection and standardization of authentic medicinal materials recognized by the Chinese Traditional Medicine Association.
In 2012, the Kangmeng Pharmaceutical Jilin Ginseng Industrial Park, with a total investment of 1 billion yuan and a land area of 300 mu, was completed and is moving towards the goal of China's largest ginseng distribution center and online trading platform.
As a leader in the Chinese medicine industry, Kangmei Pharmaceutical has always pursued the whole industry chain strategy of Chinese medicine, and attached great importance to the cultivation and cultivation of authentic medicinal materials, especially precious medicinal materials. As a traditional Chinese medicine and health care product, ginseng is the deepening development of Kangmei Pharmaceutical. Object.
(Article source: Xinhuanet)