Bull market:

The stock market has more buyers than sellers, and the stock market is bullish as a bull market.

Bear market:

The bear market is the opposite of the bull market. There are more sellers than buyers in the stock market, and the stock market is bearish as a bear market.

Opening price:

It refers to the price of the first transaction of the stock after the opening of the day. If there is no transaction price within 30 minutes after the market opens, the previous day's closing price is used as the opening price.

Closing price:

Refers to the price of the last stock in the daily transaction, which is the closing price.

Highest price:

It refers to the highest price among the prices traded on the day. Sometimes the highest price is only one sum, sometimes more than one.

Lowest price:

It refers to the lowest price among the prices traded on the day. Sometimes the lowest price is only one sum, sometimes more than one.

Blue chip stocks:

It refers to the stocks of companies that perform well but grow at a slower rate. These companies have the power to resist the recession, but such companies can't bring you exciting profits. Because such companies are more mature and do not need to spend a lot of money to expand their business, the main purpose of investing in such companies is to take dividends. In addition, when investing in such stocks, the price-to-earnings ratio should not be too high, and at the same time pay attention to the record of stock prices fluctuating in the historical economic downturn.

Hot stocks:

It refers to stocks with large trading volume, strong liquidity and large fluctuations in stock prices.

Growth stocks:

It refers to the stocks issued by such companies, their sales and profits continue to grow, and their speed is faster than the growth of the entire country and the industry. These companies usually have great ideas, focus on research, and have a large amount of profit as reinvestment to promote their expansion.


It is the internationally accepted unit for calculating the number of shares traded. Must be an integer multiple of the hand in order to process the transaction. At present, trading is generally carried out with 100 shares. That is, at least 100 shares must be purchased for stock purchase.


Reflect the number of transactions. Generally, it can be measured by two indicators: the number of shares traded and the transaction amount. At present, the two indicators of the Shenzhen and Shanghai stock markets can be displayed.


Refers to the unit of the bidding price. The price level varies with the stock price per stock. Take the Shanghai Stock Exchange as an example: the price per 100 yuan at the end of each stock price is 0.10 yuan, the price per 100-200 yuan per stock price is 0.20 yuan, the price per market price is 200-300 yuan is 0.30 yuan, and the price per stock is 300-400 yuan. The price is 0.50 yuan per price of the stock market 400 yuan or more is 1.00 yuan


Stocks are continuously up or down due to certain news or certain activities, and the stock exchanges suspend trading on the stock market. After the situation is clarified or the enterprise returns to normal, the resumption of trading is listed on the exchange.

Ups and downs:

The daily closing price is compared with the closing price of the previous day to determine whether the stock price is up or down. Generally, it is indicated by the "+" "-" sign on the bulletin board above the trading desk.

Up (down) stop:

The maximum price of the stock price specified by the exchange in a day is the percentage of the previous day's closing price, which cannot exceed this limit, otherwise the transaction will be automatically stopped.

Raise the plate:

It means that the opening price is much higher than the closing price of the previous day.

Open low:

It means that the opening price is much lower than the closing price of the previous day.

Disk file:

It means that investors do not actively buy and sell, and take a wait-and-see attitude, so that the stock price changes on the day is very small. This situation is called the file.

sort out:

It means that after a sharp rise or fall, the stock price begins to fluctuate slightly and enters a stage of stable change. This phenomenon is called sorting and finishing is the preparation stage for the next big change.

Jump empty

Refers to the strong bullish or bad news, the stock price began to jump. A gap usually occurs before the beginning or end of a major change in the stock price.

P/E ratio

P/E ratio is the ratio of stock price per share to earnings per share. (P/E ratio = market price per share of common stock / annual earnings per share of common stock) The numerator in the above formula is the current price per stock market. The denominator can be profitable in the most recent year, and the forecast profit in the next year or several years can also be used. P/E ratio is one of the most basic and important indicators for estimating the value of common stock. It is generally considered that the ratio is kept between 20-30. Normally, the stock price is low, the risk is small, and it is worth buying. If it is too large, the stock price is high and the risk is high. You should be cautious when purchasing. However, high P/E stocks are mostly hot stocks, and low P/E stocks may be unpopular stocks.

Back file:

It refers to the phenomenon that the stock price rises temporarily and falls temporarily due to the rising speed.


It means that in the falling market, the stock price is sometimes rebounded too fast and is temporarily picked up by the buyer. The rebound rate was smaller than the decline, and it rebounded after the rebound.


I am optimistic about the stock market outlook, first buy stocks, wait for the stock price to rise to a certain price, sell the stock to earn the difference.


It refers to investors who believe that the stock price has risen to the highest point and will soon fall, or when the stock has started to fall, it is believed that it will continue to fall and sell at high prices.

Long market:

Also known as the bull market, is the market where stock prices generally rise.

Short market:

The stock market has shown a long-term downward trend. In the short-selling market, the stock price changes have fallen sharply. Also known as the bear market.

More empty:

The bulls who were optimistic about the market, changed their views, sold their stocks, and sometimes sold them by stocks. This kind of behavior is called emptying or overturning.

More flips:

Originally short-sellers, change their minds, buy back the stocks they sell, and sometimes buy more stocks. This behavior is called flipping.


It is expected that the stock price will rise, so the stock will be bought, and the stock bought will be sold before the actual delivery, and a speculative behavior will be charged for the difference or the difference.

Short selling:

It is expected that the stock price will fall, so the stock will be sold. Before the actual delivery, the stock will be sold as a number, and when the delivery is completed, only the speculation of the difference will be settled.


The factors that contributed to the fall in stock prices and the favorable factors and news for the bears.


It is a factor and news that stimulates the stock price to rise and is beneficial to the bulls.

Lock in:

It means that the stock price is expected to rise, but after the purchase, the stock price road will fall; or the stock price will fall. After the stock is sold, the stock price will rise all the way. The former is said to be bullish and the latter is short-selling.


It is a large investor, such as a consortium, a trust company, and other groups or individuals with large funds.


Refers to investors with large investment.

Retail investors:

It is a small investor who buys and sells a small number of stocks.


Execute customer orders, buy or sell securities, goods or other property, and collect commissions for this.

Grab the short line:

It is expected that the stock price will rise, and then sell at a low price and then sell it at a high price in the short term. It is expected that the stock price will fall, first sell at a high price and then wait for an opportunity to repurchase at a low price in the short term.


After a rapid rise or fall, the stock price experienced a slight change in resistance or support, and made a change.


Lifting is a very high method of raising the stock price. Usually large households are thrown out after pulling up to make huge profits.


In a very way, the stock price is greatly reduced. Usually large investors buy a lot after the suppression to make huge profits.

Dark horse:

    Is the stock that has doubled or multiplied the stock price within a certain period of time.

White Horse:

It means that the stock price has formed a long-rising channel that is slowly rising, and there is still some room for growth.

Cheat line:

Large households use the superstitious technology of stockholders to analyze the psychology of data and charts, deliberately pulling up and suppressing stock indexes, resulting in a certain line type of technical charts, enticing investors to buy or sell in large quantities, thus achieving their goal of making a fortune. The technical chart line type caused by this kind of fraud is called a fraud line.

technical analysis:

Analytical research on markets and stocks based on supply and demand. Technical analysis studies price trends, trading volumes, trading trends and forms, and maps the above factors to map the current market behavior to the future supply and demand of securities and the possible impact of securities held by individuals.

Basic analysis:

Analyze companies based on factors such as sales, assets, revenue, products or services, marketing, and management. It also refers to the analysis of macro-political, economic, and military dynamics to predict their impact on the stock market.

Unlisted stocks:

Stocks that are not listed on the stock exchange.

Power of Attorney:

A written proof that the shareholder entrusts another person (other shareholder) to exercise voting rights at the general meeting.


The number of shares traded in the stock as a percentage of the number of shares traded on the exchange.


When a stock issuing company issues new shares, it issues a certificate to the original shareholder of the company to purchase a certain number of shares at a preferential price. Warrants usually have time limits and are outdated. The holder can sell or transfer it during the validity period.

Exclusion rights:

The closing price of the stock on the day before the ex-rights minus the difference between the rights included is the ex-rights.


The closing price of the stock on the previous day minus the dividend issued by the listed company is called dividend payout.

Contains rights:

Anyone who has the right to stock shares is not entitled to be included.

Fill in the rights:

After the ex-rights, the stock price rises, and the ex-rights difference is replenished, which is called the right to fill.

Capital increase:

Listed companies often apply for capital increase (paid share allotment) or capital reserve (new share) for business needs.


When the company issues new shares, it is distributed to shareholders for special price (below market price) according to the share of the shareholders.

Sitting on the sedan chair:

It is predicted that the stock price will rise, and it will be bought at a low price before the public. After many retail investors follow up and the stock price rises, they sell for profit.

Lift the sedan:

After others have already bought it, they wake up and buy it. The result is that the stock price is raised to make others profit, and the stock price they buy is not cheap, and it is unprofitable.

Lower sedan chair:

The passengers on the rallies are settled as the next sedan chair.

Resistance line:

When the stock price rises to a certain price level, if there is a large amount of selling, the stock price will stop rising, or even fall back.

Support line:

The stock price fell to a certain price level, and if there were a large number of buying situations, the stock price stopped falling or even rising.

Jumping out:

The stock market was stimulated by strong bullish or bad news, and the stock price began to jump sharply. When it rose, the opening or the lowest price of the day was higher than the previous day's closing price of two reporting units, saying that it was “empty to go up”; The day's trading day or the highest price is lower than the previous day's closing price of two reporting units, and in a day's trading, it rises or falls more than one reporting unit, saying "to jump down."

Fill in the blank:

Refers to the empty price position that will be traded when the gap occurs, that is, after the stock price gaps, after a period of time will return to the pre-empty price level to fill the gap price.

Back file:

In the upward trend, the stock price has risen too fast and has fallen back to adjust the price.

Sky price:

The highest price when individual stocks are converted from a long market to a short market.


Refers to a price fluctuation caused by the stock price after a period of trading.


When the stock price continues to fall to a certain price, it will rebound and rise again, once or several times.


When the stock price rises to a certain price, it will fall due to resistance.

Hang in:

The meaning of buying stocks.


Selling stock

Open plate:

It means that today's opening price is the same as the closing price of the previous business day.

Recent trends:

20 to 30 days is a recent trend.

Full delivery:

It is the law of the trading and delivery force specially formulated by the securities authority for the reorganization of the company or the stock of a listed company that has a major problem.

Washing dishes:

In order to achieve the purpose of speculation, we must buy the low price on the way, and the sedan who is not strong will get off the sedan to reduce the pressure on the upper gear, and at the same time increase the average price of the holders, so as to facilitate the implementation of the raise, the set, The means of killing.

For knocking the account:

A way of transferring transactions. This is a means for securities brokers to earn investment profits. Brokers buy stocks at low prices, collect commissions from customers, and sell them to another customer at a high price, thus making a lot of profits.